Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

Download:

 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website

 

 

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K. Windfuhr, While, D., Kapur, N., Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Carr, M. J., Shaw, J., Appleby, L., and Webb, R. T., Suicide risk linked with clinical consultation frequency, psychiatric diagnoses and psychotropic medication prescribing in a national study of primary-care patients, Psychol Med, vol. 46, pp. 3407-3417, 2016.
M. Doyle, While, D., Mok, P. L., Windfuhr, K., Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Chew-Graham, C. A., Appleby, L., Shaw, J., and Webb, R. T., Suicide risk in primary care patients diagnosed with a personality disorder: a nested case control study, BMC Fam Pract, vol. 17, p. 106, 2016.
E. Kontopantelis, Stevens, R. J., Helms, P. J., Edwards, D., Doran, T., and Ashcroft, D. M., Spatial distribution of clinical computer systems in primary care in England in 2016 and implications for primary care electronic medical record databases: a cross-sectional population study, BMJ Open, vol. 8, p. e020738, 2018.
V. Palin, Welfare, W., Ashcroft, D. M., and van Staa, T. P., Shorter and longer courses of antibiotics for common infections and the association with reductions of infection-related complications including hospital admissions, Clin Infect Dis, 2021.
C. Morgan, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Kontopantelis, E., Chew-Graham, C. A., Kapur, N., and Ashcroft, D. M., Self-harm in a primary care cohort of older people: incidence, clinical management, and risk of suicide and other causes of death, Lancet Psychiatry, vol. 5, pp. 905-912, 2018.
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H. C. Gorton, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., DelPozo-Banos, M., John, A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Risk of Unnatural Mortality in People With Epilepsy, JAMA Neurol, vol. 75, pp. 929-938, 2018.
Z. Z. N. Yiu, Parisi, R., Lunt, M., Warren, R. B., Griffiths, C. E. M., Langan, S. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Risk of Hospitalisation and Death due to Infection in People with Psoriasis: a Population-based Cohort Study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Dermatol, 2020.
H. C. Gorton, Webb, R. T., Pickrell, W. O., Carr, M. J., and Ashcroft, D. M., Risk factors for self-harm in people with epilepsy, J Neurol, vol. 265, pp. 3009-3016, 2018.
A. K. Wright, Suarez-Ortegon, M. F., Read, S. H., Kontopantelis, E., Buchan, I., Emsley, R., Sattar, N., Ashcroft, D. M., Wild, S. H., and Rutter, M. K., Risk Factor Control and Cardiovascular Event Risk in People With Type 2 Diabetes in Primary and Secondary Prevention Settings, Circulation, vol. 142, pp. 1925-1936, 2020.
Y. Li, Molter, A., White, A., Welfare, W., Palin, V., Belmonte, M., Ashcroft, D. M., Sperrin, M., and van Staa, T. P., Relationship between prescribing of antibiotics and other medicines in primary care: a cross-sectional study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e42-e51, 2019.
S. Smith, Smith, G. E., Heatlie, H., Bashford, J. N., Ashcroft, D. M., Verlander, N. Q., Duckworth, G. J., Mason, B., Smyth, B., and Maxwell, S., Reducing variation in antibacterial prescribing rates for 'cough/cold' and sore throat between 1993 and 2001: regional analyses using the general practice research database, Public Health, vol. 120, pp. 752-9, 2006.
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R. Parisi, Webb, R. T., Kleyn, C. E., Carr, M. J., Kapur, N., Griffiths, C. E. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour in psoriasis: a primary care cohort study, Br J Dermatol, 2018.
R. Parisi, Rutter, M. K., Lunt, M., Young, H. S., Symmons, D. P. M., Griffiths, C. E. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Psoriasis and the Risk of Major Cardiovascular Events: Cohort Study Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, J Invest Dermatol, vol. 135, pp. 2189-2197, 2015.
E. Kontopantelis, Olier, I., Planner, C., Reeves, D., Ashcroft, D. M., Gask, L., Doran, T., and Reilly, S., Primary care consultation rates among people with and without severe mental illness: a UK cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e008650, 2015.
K. M. Abel, Hope, H., Swift, E., Parisi, R., Ashcroft, D. M., Kosidou, K., Osam, C. S., Dalman, C., and Pierce, M., Prevalence of maternal mental illness among children and adolescents in the UK between 2005 and 2017: a national retrospective cohort analysis, Lancet Public Health, vol. 4, pp. e291-e300, 2019.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., White, P. D., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., Prevalence of comorbid mental and physical illnesses and risks for self-harm and premature death among primary care patients diagnosed with fatigue syndromes, Psychol Med, pp. 1-8, 2019.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., While, D., Awenat, Y., Cooper, J., Chew-Graham, C., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., Premature Death Among Primary Care Patients With a History of Self-Harm, Ann Fam Med, vol. 15, pp. 246-254, 2017.
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C. S. Osam, Pierce, M., Hope, H., Ashcroft, D. M., and Abel, K. M., The influence of maternal mental illness on vaccination uptake in children: a UK population-based cohort study, Eur J Epidemiol, 2020.
B. van Bodegraven, Palin, V., Mistry, C., Sperrin, M., White, A., Welfare, W., Ashcroft, D. M., and van Staa, T. P., Infection-related complications after common infection in association with new antibiotic prescribing in primary care: retrospective cohort study using linked electronic health records, BMJ Open, vol. 11, p. e041218, 2021.
S. Reilly, Olier, I., Planner, C., Doran, T., Reeves, D., Ashcroft, D. M., Gask, L., and Kontopantelis, E., Inequalities in physical comorbidity: a longitudinal comparative cohort study of people with severe mental illness in the UK, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e009010, 2015.
D. A. Springate, Parisi, R., Kontopantelis, E., Reeves, D., Griffiths, C. E., and Ashcroft, D. M., Incidence, prevalence and mortality of patients with psoriasis: a U.K. population-based cohort study, Br J Dermatol, vol. 176, pp. 650-658, 2017.
C. Morgan, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Kontopantelis, E., Green, J., Chew-Graham, C. A., Kapur, N., and Ashcroft, D. M., Incidence, clinical management, and mortality risk following self harm among children and adolescents: cohort study in primary care, Bmj, vol. 359, p. j4351, 2017.
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S. J. Stocks, Kontopantelis, E., Akbarov, A., Rodgers, S., Avery, A. J., and Ashcroft, D. M., Examining variations in prescribing safety in UK general practice: cross sectional study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Bmj, vol. 351, p. h5501, 2015.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Carr, M. J., Rutter, M. K., Emsley, R. A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Examining trends in type 2 diabetes incidence, prevalence and mortality in the UK between 2004 and 2014, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 19, pp. 1537-1545, 2017.
Y. Li, Sperrin, M., Martin, G. P., Ashcroft, D. M., and van Staa, T. P., Examining the impact of data quality and completeness of electronic health records on predictions of patients' risks of cardiovascular disease, Int J Med Inform, vol. 133, p. 104033, 2020.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Awenat, Y., Cooper, J., Chew-Graham, C., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., The epidemiology of self-harm in a UK-wide primary care patient cohort, 2001-2013, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 16, p. 53, 2016.
A. Thompson, Wright, A. K., Ashcroft, D. M., van Staa, T. P., and Pirmohamed, M., Epidemiology of alcohol dependence in UK primary care: Results from a large observational study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, PLoS One, vol. 12, p. e0174818, 2017.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Rutter, M. K., and Ashcroft, D. M., Eleven-year multimorbidity burden among 637 255 people with and without type 2 diabetes: a population-based study using primary care and linked hospitalisation data, BMJ Open, vol. 10, p. e033866, 2020.
M. J. Carr, Steeg, S., Webb, R. T., Kapur, N., Chew-Graham, C. A., Abel, K. M., Hope, H., Pierce, M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on primary care-recorded mental illness and self-harm episodes in the UK: a population-based cohort study, Lancet Public Health, vol. 6, pp. e124-e135, 2021.
T. P. van Staa, Palin, V., Li, Y., Welfare, W., Felton, T. W., Dark, P., and Ashcroft, D. M., The effectiveness of frequent antibiotic use in reducing the risk of infection-related hospital admissions: results from two large population-based cohorts, BMC Med, vol. 18, p. 40, 2020.
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Y. Li, Sperrin, M., Ashcroft, D. M., and van Staa, T. P., Consistency of variety of machine learning and statistical models in predicting clinical risks of individual patients: longitudinal cohort study using cardiovascular disease as exemplar, Bmj, vol. 371, p. m3919, 2020.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Rutter, M. K., Emsley, R. A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Comparative risk of major cardiovascular events associated with second-line antidiabetic treatments: a retrospective cohort study using UK primary care data linked to hospitalization and mortality records, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 18, pp. 916-24, 2016.
M. Nowakowska, Zghebi, S. S., Ashcroft, D. M., Buchan, I., Chew-Graham, C., Holt, T., Mallen, C., van Marwijk, H., Peek, N., Perera-Salazar, R., Reeves, D., Rutter, M. K., Weng, S. F., Qureshi, N., Mamas, M. A., and Kontopantelis, E., The comorbidity burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus: patterns, clusters and predictions from a large English primary care cohort, BMC Med, vol. 17, p. 145, 2019.
D. A. Springate, Kontopantelis, E., Ashcroft, D. M., Olier, I., Parisi, R., Chamapiwa, E., and Reeves, D., ClinicalCodes: an online clinical codes repository to improve the validity and reproducibility of research using electronic medical records, PLoS One, vol. 9, p. e99825, 2014.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., While, D., Awenat, Y., Cooper, J., Chew-Graham, C., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., Clinical management following self-harm in a UK-wide primary care cohort, J Affect Disord, vol. 197, pp. 182-8, 2016.
A. K. Wright, Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I. E., Mamas, M. A., Sattar, N., Ashcroft, D. M., and Rutter, M. K., Cardiovascular Risk and Risk Factor Management in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Assessing Sex Disparities, Circulation, 2019.
D. Reeves, Springate, D. A., Ashcroft, D. M., Ryan, R., Doran, T., Morris, R., Olier, I., and Kontopantelis, E., Can analyses of electronic patient records be independently and externally validated? The effect of statins on the mortality of patients with ischaemic heart disease: a cohort study with nested case-control analysis, BMJ Open, vol. 4, p. e004952, 2014.
D. A. Springate, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Doran, T., Ryan, R., and Reeves, D., Can analyses of electronic patient records be independently and externally validated? Study 2–the effect of beta-adrenoceptor blocker therapy on cancer survival: a retrospective cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e007299, 2015.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]