Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 20 results:
Author Title [ Type(Desc)] Year
Filters: Author is Salisbury, C.  [Clear All Filters]
Journal Article
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Whiting, P., Banks, J., Pyne, Y., and Hamilton, W., Added value and cascade effects of inflammatory marker tests in UK primary care: a cohort study from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e470-e478, 2019.
F. D. R. Hobbs, Bankhead, C., Mukhtar, T., Stevens, S., Perera-Salazar, R., Holt, T., and Salisbury, C., Clinical workload in UK primary care: a retrospective analysis of 100 million consultations in England, 2007-14, Lancet, vol. 387, pp. 2323-2330, 2016.
S. L. Brilleman and Salisbury, C., Comparing measures of multimorbidity to predict outcomes in primary care: a cross sectional study, Fam Pract, vol. 30, pp. 172-8, 2013.
P. Tammes, Purdy, S., Salisbury, C., MacKichan, F., Lasserson, D., and Morris, R. W., Continuity of Primary Care and Emergency Hospital Admissions Among Older Patients in England, Ann Fam Med, vol. 15, pp. 515-522, 2017.
S. S. Zghebi, Mamas, M. A., Ashcroft, D. M., Salisbury, C., Mallen, C. D., Chew-Graham, C. A., Reeves, D., van Marwijk, H., Qureshi, N., Weng, S., Holt, T., Buchan, I., Peek, N., Giles, S., Rutter, M. K., and Kontopantelis, E., Development and validation of the DIabetes Severity SCOre (DISSCO) in 139 626 individuals with type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study, BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care, vol. 8, 2020.
C. Salisbury, Johnson, L., Purdy, S., Valderas, J. M., and Montgomery, A. A., Epidemiology and impact of multimorbidity in primary care: a retrospective cohort study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 61, pp. e12-21, 2011.
T. K. Mukhtar, Bankhead, C., Stevens, S., Perera, R., Holt, T. A., Salisbury, C., and Hobbs, F. R., Factors associated with consultation rates in general practice in England, 2013-2014: a cross-sectional study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 68, pp. e370-e377, 2018.
P. Tammes, Payne, R. A., Salisbury, C., Chalder, M., Purdy, S., and Morris, R. W., The impact of a named GP scheme on continuity of care and emergency hospital admission: a cohort study among older patients in England, 2012-2016, BMJ Open, vol. 9, p. e029103, 2019.
S. L. Brilleman, Purdy, S., Salisbury, C., Windmeijer, F., Gravelle, H., and Hollinghurst, S., Implications of comorbidity for primary care costs in the UK: a retrospective observational study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 63, pp. e274-82, 2013.
S. Lay-Flurrie, Mathieu, E., Bankhead, C., Nicholson, B. D., Perera-Salazar, R., Holt, T., Hobbs, F. D. R., and Salisbury, C., Patient consultation rate and clinical and NHS outcomes: a cross-sectional analysis of English primary care data from 2.7 million patients in 238 practices, BMC Health Serv Res, vol. 19, p. 219, 2019.
M. J. Ridd, Ferreira, D. L., Montgomery, A. A., Salisbury, C., and Hamilton, W., Patient-doctor continuity and diagnosis of cancer: electronic medical records study in general practice, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 65, pp. e305-11, 2015.
S. Stevens, Bankhead, C., Mukhtar, T., Perera-Salazar, R., Holt, T. A., Salisbury, C., and Hobbs, F. D. R., Patient-level and practice-level factors associated with consultation duration: a cross-sectional analysis of over one million consultations in English primary care, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e018261, 2017.
J. W. O'Sullivan, Stevens, S., Oke, J., Hobbs, F. D. R., Salisbury, C., Little, P., Goldacre, B., Bankhead, C., Aronson, J. K., Heneghan, C., and Perera, R., Practice variation in the use of tests in UK primary care: a retrospective analysis of 16 million tests performed over 3.3 million patient years in 2015/16, BMC Med, vol. 16, p. 229, 2018.
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Banks, J., Whiting, P., and Hamilton, W., Predictive value of inflammatory markers for cancer diagnosis in primary care: a prospective cohort study using electronic health records, Br J Cancer, 2019.
J. Watson, Whiting, P., Salisbury, C., Banks, J., and Hamilton, W., Raised inflammatory markers as a predictor of one-year mortality: a cohort study in primary care in the UK using electronic health record data, BMJ Open, vol. 10, p. e036027, 2020.
F. Hamilton, Carroll, R., Hamilton, W., and Salisbury, C., The risk of cancer in primary care patients with hypercalcaemia: a cohort study using electronic records, Br J Cancer, vol. 111, pp. 1410-2, 2014.
R. P. Cornish, Boyd, A., Van Staa, T., Salisbury, C., and Macleod, J., Socio-economic position and childhood multimorbidity: a study using linkage between the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children and the General Practice Research Database, Int J Equity Health, vol. 12, p. 66, 2013.
J. W. O'Sullivan, Stevens, S., Hobbs, F. D. R., Salisbury, C., Little, P., Goldacre, B., Bankhead, C., Aronson, J. K., Perera, R., and Heneghan, C., Temporal trends in use of tests in UK primary care, 2000-15: retrospective analysis of 250 million tests, Bmj, vol. 363, p. k4666, 2018.
J. Watson, Jones, H. E., Banks, J., Whiting, P., Salisbury, C., and Hamilton, W., Use of multiple inflammatory marker tests in primary care: using Clinical Practice Research Datalink to evaluate accuracy, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e462-e469, 2019.
S. S. Zghebi, Rutter, M. K., Ashcroft, D. M., Salisbury, C., Mallen, C., Chew-Graham, C. A., Reeves, D., van Marwijk, H., Qureshi, N., Weng, S., Peek, N., Planner, C., Nowakowska, M., Mamas, M., and Kontopantelis, E., Using electronic health records to quantify and stratify the severity of type 2 diabetes in primary care in England: rationale and cohort study design, BMJ Open, vol. 8, p. e020926, 2018.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]