Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website

 

 

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2021
S. M. Grandi, Filion, K. B., Hutcheon, J. A., Rosella, L. C., and Platt, R. W., Accounting for Repeat Pregnancies in Risk Prediction Models, Epidemiology, 2021.
L. L. N. Husemoen, Mørch, L. S., Christensen, P. K., Hartvig, N. V., and Feher, M. D., All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality Among Insulin-Naïve People With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Insulin Detemir or Glargine: A Cohort Study in the UK, Diabetes Ther, 2021.
E. Rezel-Potts, L'Esperance, V., and Gullifiord, M., Antimicrobial stewardship during the COVID-19 epidemic: population-based cohort study and interrupted time series analysis in the United Kingdom, Br J Gen Pract, 2021.
S. S. Johnston, Jamous, N., Mistry, S., Jain, S., Gangoli, G., Danker, W., Ammann, E., and Hampton, K., Association of In-Hospital Surgical Bleeding Events with Prolonged Hospital Length of Stay, Days Spent in Critical Care, Complications, and Mortality: A Retrospective Cohort Study Among Patients Undergoing Neoplasm-Directed Surgeries in English Hospitals, Clinicoecon Outcomes Res, vol. 13, pp. 19-29, 2021.
F. Hamilton, Arnold, D., and Payne, R., Association of prior lymphopenia with mortality in pneumonia: a cohort study in UK primary care, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 71, pp. e148-e156, 2021.
A. J. McKay, Gunn, L. H., Vamos, E. P., Valabhji, J., Molina, G., Molokhia, M., and Majeed, A., Associations between attainment of incentivised primary care diabetes indicators and mortality in an English cohort, Diabetes Res Clin Pract, vol. 174, p. 108746, 2021.
A. J. McKay, Gunn, L. H., Nugawela, M., Sathish, T., Majeed, A., Vamos, E., Molina, G., and Sivaprasad, S., Associations between attainment of incentivised primary care indicators and incident sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in the United Kingdom: A population-based historical cohort study, Diabetes Obes Metab, 2021.
H. Carreira, Williams, R., Funston, G., Stanway, S., and Bhaskaran, K., Associations between breast cancer survivorship and adverse mental health outcomes: A matched population-based cohort study in the United Kingdom, PLoS Med, vol. 18, p. e1003504, 2021.
R. J. Silverwood, Mansfield, K. E., Mulick, A., Wong, A. Y. S., Schmidt, S. A. J., Roberts, A., Smeeth, L., Abuabara, K., and Langan, S. M., Atopic eczema in adulthood and mortality: UK population-based cohort study, 1998-2016, J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2021.
E. Ford, Sheppard, J., Oliver, S., Rooney, P., Banerjee, S., and Cassell, J. A., Automated detection of patients with dementia whose symptoms have been identified in primary care but have no formal diagnosis: a retrospective case-control study using electronic primary care records, BMJ Open, vol. 11, p. e039248, 2021.
2020
R. Flynn, Hedenmalm, K., Murray-Thomas, T., Pacurariu, A., Arlett, P., Shepherd, H., Myles, P., and Kurz, X., Ability of primary care health databases to assess medicinal products discussed by the European Union Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee, Clin Pharmacol Ther, 2020.
H. R. Whittaker, Bloom, C., Morgan, A., Jarvis, D., Kiddle, S. J., and Quint, J. K., Accelerated FEV(1) decline and risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in a primary care population of COPD patients, Eur Respir J, 2020.
G. Simoneau, Moodie, E. E. M., Azoulay, L., and Platt, R. W., Adaptive Treatment Strategies with Survival Outcomes: An Application to the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes using a Large Observational Database, Am J Epidemiol, 2020.
K. Kostikas, Rhee, C. K., Hurst, J. R., Agostoni, P., Cao, H., Fogel, R., Jones, R., Kocks, J. W. H., Mezzi, K., S. Ming, W. Yau, Ryan, R., and Price, D. B., Adequacy of Therapy for People with Both COPD and Heart Failure in the UK: Historical Cohort Study, Pragmat Obs Res, vol. 11, pp. 55-66, 2020.
K. Richardson, Loke, Y. K., Fox, C., Maidment, I., Howard, R., Steel, N., Arthur, A., Boyd, P. J., Aldus, C., Ballard, C., and Savva, G. M., Adverse effects of Z-drugs for sleep disturbance in people living with dementia: a population-based cohort study, BMC Med, vol. 18, p. 351, 2020.
H. Kither, Heazell, A., Bruce, I. N., Tower, C., and Crocker, I., Adverse pregnancy outcomes and subsequent development of connective tissue disease in the UK: an epidemiological study, Bjog, 2020.
A. K. Wright, Welsh, P., Gill, J. M. R., Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I., Ashcroft, D. M., Rutter, M. K., and Sattar, N., Age-, sex- and ethnicity-related differences in body weight, blood pressure, HbA(1c) and lipid levels at the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes relative to people without diabetes, Diabetologia, 2020.
H. C. Gorton, Webb, R. T., Parisi, R., Carr, M. J., DelPozo-Banos, M., Moriarty, K. J., Pickrell, W. O., John, A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Alcohol-Specific Mortality in People With Epilepsy: Cohort Studies in Two Independent Population-Based Datasets, Front Neurol, vol. 11, p. 623139, 2020.
L. Shallcross, Rockenschaub, P., Blackburn, R., Nazareth, I., Freemantle, N., and Hayward, A., Antibiotic prescribing for lower UTI in elderly patients in primary care and risk of bloodstream infection: A cohort study using electronic health records in England, PLoS Med, vol. 17, p. e1003336, 2020.
R. Cushen and Francis, N. A., Antibiotic use and serious complications following acute otitis media and acute sinusitis: a retrospective cohort study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 70, pp. e255-e263, 2020.
S. Charlier, Vavanikunnel, J., Becker, C., Jick, S. S., Meier, C., and Meier, C. R., Antidiabetic treatment, level of glycemic control, and risk of fracture in diabetes type 2: A nested case-control study, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2020.
A. B. Leuppi-Taegtmeyer, Reinau, D., Yilmaz, S., Ruegg, S., Krahenbuhl, S., Jick, S. S., Leuppi, J. D., and Meier, C. R., Antiseizure drugs and risk of developing smoking-related chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or lung cancer: A population-based case-control study, Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2020.
S. Ramagopalan, Leahy, T. P., Stamp, E., and Sammon, C., Approaches for the identification of chronic kidney disease in CPRD-HES-linked studies, J Comp Eff Res, 2020.
F. Khosrow-Khavar, Filion, K. B., Bouganim, N., Suissa, S., and Azoulay, L., Aromatase Inhibitors and the Risk of Cardiovascular Outcomes in Women With Breast Cancer: A Population-Based Cohort Study, Circulation, vol. 141, pp. 549-559, 2020.
F. Hamilton, Arnold, D., Henley, W., and Payne, R. A., Aspirin reduces cardiovascular events in patients with pneumonia: a prior event rate ratio analysis in a large primary care database, Eur Respir J, 2020.
A. Pate, Van Staa, T., and Emsley, R., An assessment of the potential miscalibration of cardiovascular disease risk predictions caused by a secular trend in cardiovascular disease in England, BMC Med Res Methodol, vol. 20, p. 289, 2020.
G. Requena, Ma, L., Sturmer, T., Layton, J. B., and DiBello, J., Association Between an Acute, Drug-Induced Decrease in High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels and Risk of Cardiovascular Events, Clin Drug Investig, 2020.
R. Hiramatsu, Iwagami, M., and Nitsch, D., Association between chronic kidney disease and incident diagnosis of dementia in England: a cohort study in Clinical Practice Research Datalink, BMJ Open, vol. 10, p. e033811, 2020.
J. Ruzangi, Iwagami, M., Smeeth, L., Mangtani, P., and Nitsch, D., The association between chronic kidney disease and tuberculosis; a comparative cohort study in England, BMC Nephrol, vol. 21, p. 420, 2020.
C. E. Morton, Forbes, H. J., Pearce, N., Smeeth, L., and Warren-Gash, C., Association Between Common Infections and Incident Post-Stroke Dementia: A Cohort Study Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Clin Epidemiol, vol. 12, pp. 907-916, 2020.
M. Kerkhof, Voorham, J., Dorinsky, P., Cabrera, C., Darken, P., Kocks, J. W., Sadatsafavi, M., Sin, D. D., Carter, V., and Price, D. B., Association between COPD exacerbations and lung function decline during maintenance therapy, Thorax, 2020.
D. Abrahami, Renoux, C., Yin, H., Fournier, J. P., and Azoulay, L., The Association between Oral Anticoagulants and Cancer Incidence among Individuals with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation, Thromb Haemost, 2020.
A. Y. S. Wong, Froslev, T., Dearing, L., Forbes, H. J., Mulick, A., Mansfield, K. E., Silverwood, R. J., Kjaersgaard, A., Sorensen, H. T., Smeeth, L., Lewin, A., Schmidt, S. A. J., and Langan, S. M., The association between partner bereavement and melanoma: cohort studies in the U.K. and Denmark, Br J Dermatol, 2020.
R. Palladino, Tabak, A. G., Khunti, K., Valabhji, J., Majeed, A., Millett, C., and Vamos, E. P., Association between pre-diabetes and microvascular and macrovascular disease in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes, BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care, vol. 8, 2020.
R. Jacobs, Aylott, L., Dare, C., Doran, T., Gilbody, S., Goddard, M., Gravelle, H., Gutacker, N., Kasteridis, P., Kendrick, T., Mason, A., Rice, N., Ride, J., Siddiqi, N., and Williams, R., The association between primary care quality and health-care use, costs and outcomes for people with serious mental illness: a retrospective observational study, in Health Services and Delivery Research, Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library Copyright © Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2020. This work was produced by Jacobs et al. under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care. This issue may be freely rep, 2020.
B. D. Nicholson, Hamilton, W., Koshiaris, C., Oke, J. L., Hobbs, F. D. R., and Aveyard, P., The association between unexpected weight loss and cancer diagnosis in primary care: a matched cohort analysis of 65,000 presentations, Br J Cancer, 2020.
C. Clarke, Hamilton, W., Price, S., and Bailey, S. E., Association of non-malignant diseases with thrombocytosis: a prospective cohort study in general practice, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 70, pp. e852-e857, 2020.
Z. Yang, Edwards, D., Burgess, S., Brayne, C., and Mant, J., Association of Prior Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease with Dementia After Stroke: A Retrospective Cohort Study, J Alzheimers Dis, 2020.
H. Fan, Gilbert, R., O'Callaghan, F., and Li, L., Associations between macrolide antibiotics prescribing during pregnancy and adverse child outcomes in the UK: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 368, p. m331, 2020.
C. I. Bloom, Cabrera, C., Arnetorp, S., Coulton, K., Nan, C., van der Valk, R. J. P., and Quint, J. K., Asthma-Related Health Outcomes Associated with Short-Acting β(2)-Agonist Inhaler Use: An Observational UK Study as Part of the SABINA Global Program, Adv Ther, 2020.
M. Ardissino, Watson, F., Amin, R., Collins, P., Moussa, O., and Purkayastha, S., Atherosclerotic Disease Burden After Bariatric Surgery in Patients with Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes, J Diabetes, 2020.
A. Ascott, Mansfield, K. E., Schonmann, Y., Mulick, A., Abuabara, K., Roberts, A., Smeeth, L., and Langan, S. M., Atopic eczema and obesity: a population-based study, Br J Dermatol, 2020.
2019
A. M. Gallagher, Dedman, D., Padmanabhan, S., Leufkens, H. G. M., and de Vries, F., The accuracy of date of death recording in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink GOLD database in England compared with the Office for National Statistics death registrations, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2019.
C. Becker, Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., ACE inhibitor use and risk of cataract: a case-control analysis, Br J Ophthalmol, 2019.
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Whiting, P., Banks, J., Pyne, Y., and Hamilton, W., Added value and cascade effects of inflammatory marker tests in UK primary care: a cohort study from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e470-e478, 2019.
K. D. Johnson, Lu, X., and Zhang, D., Adherence to hepatitis A and hepatitis B multi-dose vaccination schedules among adults in the United Kingdom: a retrospective cohort study, BMC Public Health, vol. 19, p. 404, 2019.
R. L. Tannen, Barnhart, K. T., and Rubin, J. C., Advantages of large medical record database for outcomes research: Insights into post-menopausal hormone therapy, Learn Health Syst, vol. 3, p. e10193, 2019.
M. Rafiq, Hayward, A., Warren-Gash, C., Denaxas, S., Gonzalez-Izquierdo, A., Lyratzopoulos, G., and Thomas, S., Allergic disease, corticosteroid use and risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma: A UK Nationwide case-control study, J Allergy Clin Immunol, 2019.
A. J. Klil-Drori, Santella, C., Tascilar, K., Yin, H., Aprikian, A., and Azoulay, L., Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer and the Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Population-Based Cohort Study, Drug Saf, 2019.
M. Nowakowska, Van Staa, T., Molter, A., Ashcroft, D. M., Tsang, J. Y., White, A., Welfare, W., and Palin, V., Antibiotic choice in UK general practice: rates and drivers of potentially inappropriate antibiotic prescribing, J Antimicrob Chemother, 2019.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]