Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 2770 results:
[ Author(Asc)] Title Type Year
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 
R. T. Webb, Kontopantelis, E., Doran, T., Qin, P., Creed, F., and Kapur, N., Suicide risk in primary care patients with major physical diseases: a case-control study, Arch Gen Psychiatry, vol. 69, pp. 256-64, 2012.
R. A. Watts, Al-Taiar, A., Scott, D. G., and Macgregor, A. J., Prevalence and incidence of Wegener's granulomatosis in the UK general practice research database, Arthritis Rheum, vol. 61, pp. 1412-6, 2009.
R. Watts, Al-Taiar, A., Mooney, J., Scott, D., and Macgregor, A., The epidemiology of Takayasu arteritis in the UK, Rheumatology (Oxford), vol. 48, pp. 1008-11, 2009.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., Cai, B., and Guess, H. A., Lower risk of thromboembolic cardiovascular events with naproxen among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Arch Intern Med, vol. 162, pp. 1105-10, 2002.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., and Guess, H. A., All-cause mortality and vascular events among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or no arthritis in the UK General Practice Research Database, J Rheumatol, vol. 30, pp. 1196-202, 2003.
L. Watson, Kerstjens, H. A., Rabe, K. F., Kiri, V., Visick, G. T., and Postma, D. S., Obtaining optimal control in mild asthma: theory and practice, Fam Pract, vol. 22, pp. 305-10, 2005.
L. Watson, Baird, J., Hosel, V., and Peveler, R., The effect of concurrent pain on the management of patients with depression: an analysis of NHS healthcare resource utilisation using the GPRD database, Int J Clin Pract, vol. 63, pp. 698-706, 2009.
L. Watson, Wilson, B. P., Alsop, J., and Kumar, S., Weight and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes: what is the outcome of insulin initiation?, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 13, pp. 823-31, 2011.
L. Watson, Das, R., Farquhar, R., Langerman, H., and Barnett, A. H., Consequences of delaying treatment intensification in type 2 diabetes: evidence from a UK database, Curr Med Res Opin, vol. 32, pp. 1465-75, 2016.
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Banks, J., Whiting, P., and Hamilton, W., Predictive value of inflammatory markers for cancer diagnosis in primary care: a prospective cohort study using electronic health records, Br J Cancer, 2019.
J. Watson, Jones, H. E., Banks, J., Whiting, P., Salisbury, C., and Hamilton, W., Use of multiple inflammatory marker tests in primary care: using Clinical Practice Research Datalink to evaluate accuracy, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e462-e469, 2019.
J. Watson, Salisbury, C., Whiting, P., Banks, J., Pyne, Y., and Hamilton, W., Added value and cascade effects of inflammatory marker tests in UK primary care: a cohort study from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e470-e478, 2019.
J. Watson, Whiting, P., Salisbury, C., Banks, J., and Hamilton, W., Raised inflammatory markers as a predictor of one-year mortality: a cohort study in primary care in the UK using electronic health record data, BMJ Open, vol. 10, p. e036027, 2020.
J. Watson, Nicholson, B. D., Hamilton, W., and Price, S., Identifying clinical features in primary care electronic health record studies: methods for codelist development, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e019637, 2017.
C. Warren-Gash, Hayward, A. C., Hemingway, H., Denaxas, S., Thomas, S. L., Timmis, A. D., Whitaker, H., and Smeeth, L., Influenza infection and risk of acute myocardial infarction in England and Wales: a CALIBER self-controlled case series study, J Infect Dis, vol. 206, pp. 1652-9, 2012.
M. J. Warnier, Rutten, F. H., Souverein, P. C., de Boer, A., Hoes, A. W., and De Bruin, M. L., Are ECG monitoring recommendations before prescription of QT-prolonging drugs applied in daily practice? The example of haloperidol, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 24, pp. 701-8, 2015.
Y. Wang, Pfeiffer, R. M., Alsaggaf, R., Meeraus, W., Gage, J. C., Anderson, L. A., Bremer, R. C., Nikolenko, N., Lochmuller, H., Greene, M. H., and Gadalla, S. M., Risk of skin cancer among patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 based on primary care physician data from the U.K. Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Int J Cancer, vol. 142, pp. 1174-1181, 2018.
Z. Wang, Shah, A. D., Tate, A. R., Denaxas, S., Shawe-Taylor, J., and Hemingway, H., Extracting diagnoses and investigation results from unstructured text in electronic health records by semi-supervised machine learning, PLoS One, vol. 7, p. e30412, 2012.
K. Walters, Rait, G., Petersen, I., Williams, R., and Nazareth, I., Panic disorder and risk of new onset coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, and cardiac mortality: cohort study using the general practice research database, Eur Heart J, vol. 29, pp. 2981-8, 2008.
P. Walters, Schofield, P., Howard, L., Ashworth, M., and Tylee, A., The relationship between asthma and depression in primary care patients: a historical cohort and nested case control study, PLoS One, vol. 6, p. e20750, 2011.
M. A. Wallander, Johansson, S., Ruigomez, A., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Unspecified abdominal pain in primary care: the role of gastrointestinal morbidity, Int J Clin Pract, vol. 61, pp. 1663-70, 2007.
M. A. Wallander, Johansson, S., Ruigomez, A., Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, and Jones, R., Morbidity associated with sleep disorders in primary care: a longitudinal cohort study, Prim Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry, vol. 9, pp. 338-45, 2007.
G. Wallace, Judge, A., Prieto-Alhambra, D., de Vries, F., Arden, N. K., and Cooper, C., The effect of body mass index on the risk of post-operative complications during the 6 months following total hip replacement or total knee replacement surgery, Osteoarthritis Cartilage, vol. 22, pp. 918-27, 2014.
H. Wallace, Shorvon, S., and Tallis, R., Age-specific incidence and prevalence rates of treated epilepsy in an unselected population of 2,052,922 and age-specific fertility rates of women with epilepsy, Lancet, vol. 352, pp. 1970-3, 1998.
J. L. Walker, Andrews, N. J., Mathur, R., Smeeth, L., and Thomas, S. L., Trends in the burden of varicella in UK general practice, Epidemiol Infect, vol. 145, pp. 2678-2682, 2017.
J. L. Walker, Grint, D. J., Strongman, H., Eggo, R. M., Peppa, M., Minassian, C., Mansfield, K. E., Rentsch, C. T., Douglas, I. J., Mathur, R., Wong, A. Y. S., Quint, J. K., Andrews, N., Bernal, J. L., Scott, J. A., Ramsay, M., Smeeth, L., and McDonald, H. I., UK prevalence of underlying conditions which increase the risk of severe COVID-19 disease: a point prevalence study using electronic health records, BMC Public Health, vol. 21, p. 484, 2021.
J. L. Walker, Zhao, H., Dabrera, G., Andrews, N., Thomas, S. L., Tsang, C., Ellis, J., Donati, M., and Pebody, R. G., Assessment of Effectiveness of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy in Preventing Influenza Infection in Infants in England, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, J Infect Dis, 2019.
J. L. Walker, Andrews, N. J., Amirthalingam, G., Forbes, H., Langan, S. M., and Thomas, S. L., Effectiveness of herpes zoster vaccination in an older United Kingdom population, Vaccine, vol. 36, pp. 2371-2377, 2018.
A. J. Walker, West, J., Card, T. R., Humes, D. J., and Grainge, M. J., Variation in the risk of venous thromboembolism in people with colorectal cancer: a population-based cohort study from England, J Thromb Haemost, vol. 12, pp. 641-9, 2014.
A. J. Walker, Card, T., Bates, T. E., and Muir, K., Tricyclic antidepressants and the incidence of certain cancers: a study using the GPRD, Br J Cancer, vol. 104, pp. 193-7, 2011.
A. J. Walker, West, J., Grainge, M. J., and Card, T. R., Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and hepatocellular carcinoma incidence in the General Practice Research Database, Cancer Causes Control, vol. 22, pp. 1743-7, 2011.
A. J. Walker, Grainge, M., Bates, T. E., and Card, T. R., Survival of glioma and colorectal cancer patients using tricyclic antidepressants post-diagnosis, Cancer Causes Control, vol. 23, pp. 1959-64, 2012.
A. J. Walker, Grainge, M. J., and Card, T. R., Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and colorectal cancer survival: a cohort study, Br J Cancer, vol. 107, pp. 1602-7, 2012.
A. J. Walker, Card, T. R., West, J., Crooks, C., and Grainge, M. J., Incidence of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer - a cohort study using linked United Kingdom databases, Eur J Cancer, vol. 49, pp. 1404-13, 2013.
A. J. Walker, Baldwin, D. R., Card, T. R., Powell, H. A., Hubbard, R. B., and Grainge, M. J., Risk of venous thromboembolism in people with lung cancer: a cohort study using linked UK healthcare data, Br J Cancer, vol. 115, pp. 115-21, 2016.
A. J. Walker, West, J., Card, T. R., Crooks, C., Kirwan, C. C., and Grainge, M. J., When are breast cancer patients at highest risk of venous thromboembolism? A cohort study using English health care data, Blood, vol. 127, pp. 849-57; quiz 953, 2016.
V. M. Walker, Davies, N. M., Kehoe, P. G., and Martin, R. M., What is the impact of regulatory guidance and expiry of drug patents on dementia drug prescriptions in England? A trend analysis in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Alzheimers Res Ther, vol. 10, p. 51, 2018.
V. M. Walker, Davies, N. M., Jones, T., Kehoe, P. G., and Martin, R. M., Can commonly prescribed drugs be repurposed for the prevention or treatment of Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases? Protocol for an observational cohort study in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, BMJ Open, vol. 6, p. e012044, 2016.
V. M. Walker, Davies, N. M., Martin, R. M., and Kehoe, P. G., Comparison of antihypertensive drug classes for dementia prevention, Epidemiology, 2020.
S. Walker, Hyde, C., and Hamilton, W., Risk of breast cancer in symptomatic women in primary care: a case-control study using electronic records, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 64, pp. e788-93, 2014.
S. Walker, Hyde, C., and Hamilton, W., Risk of uterine cancer in symptomatic women in primary care: case-control study using electronic records, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 63, pp. e643-8, 2013.
S. Walker and Hamilton, W., Risk of cervical cancer in symptomatic women aged >/=40 in primary care: A case-control study using electronic records, Eur J Cancer Care (Engl), vol. 26, 2017.
A. M. Walker, Identification of esophageal cancer in the General Practice Research Database, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 20, pp. 1159-67, 2011.
A. M. Walker, Szneke, P., Bianchi, L. A., Field, L. G., Sutherland, L. R., and Dreyer, N. A., 5-Aminosalicylates, sulfasalazine, steroid use, and complications in patients with ulcerative colitis, Am J Gastroenterol, vol. 92, pp. 816-20, 1997.
A. Walker, Esophageal Cancer and Bisphosphonates, J Pharm Drug Devel, vol. 2, p. 101, 2014.
A. G. Wade, Toumi, I., and Hemels, M. E., A probabilistic cost-effectiveness analysis of escitalopram, generic citalopram and venlafaxine as a first-line treatment of major depressive disorder in the UK, Curr Med Res Opin, vol. 21, pp. 631-42, 2005.
A. G. Wade, Saragoussi, D., Despiegel, N., Francois, C., Guelfucci, F., and Toumi, M., Healthcare expenditure in severely depressed patients treated with escitalopram, generic SSRIs or venlafaxine in the UK, Curr Med Res Opin, vol. 26, pp. 1161-70, 2010.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]