Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 165 results:
Author Title [ Type(Asc)] Year
Filters: Author is Smeeth, L.  [Clear All Filters]
Journal Article
A. Root, Brown, J. P., Forbes, H. J., Bhaskaran, K., Hayes, J., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Association of Relative Age in the School Year With Diagnosis of Intellectual Disability, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Depression, JAMA Pediatr, 2019.
K. Bhaskaran, dos-Santos-Silva, I., Leon, D. A., Douglas, I. J., and Smeeth, L., Association of BMI with overall and cause-specific mortality: a population-based cohort study of 3.6 million adults in the UK, Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol, vol. 6, pp. 944-953, 2018.
A. Y. S. Wong, Froslev, T., Dearing, L., Forbes, H. J., Mulick, A., Mansfield, K. E., Silverwood, R. J., Kjaersgaard, A., Sorensen, H. T., Smeeth, L., Lewin, A., Schmidt, S. A. J., and Langan, S. M., The association between partner bereavement and melanoma: cohort studies in the U.K. and Denmark, Br J Dermatol, 2020.
A. Skow, Douglas, I., and Smeeth, L., The association between Parkinson's disease and anti-epilepsy drug carbamazepine: a case-control study using the UK General Practice Research Database, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 76, pp. 816-22, 2013.
C. E. Morton, Forbes, H. J., Pearce, N., Smeeth, L., and Warren-Gash, C., Association Between Common Infections and Incident Post-Stroke Dementia: A Cohort Study Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Clin Epidemiol, vol. 12, pp. 907-916, 2020.
J. Ruzangi, Iwagami, M., Smeeth, L., Mangtani, P., and Nitsch, D., The association between chronic kidney disease and tuberculosis; a comparative cohort study in England, BMC Nephrol, vol. 21, p. 420, 2020.
E. C. Somers, Thomas, S. L., Smeeth, L., and Hall, A. J., Are individuals with an autoimmune disease at higher risk of a second autoimmune disorder?, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 169, pp. 749-55, 2009.
R. Brauer, Smeeth, L., Anaya-Izquierdo, K., Timmis, A., Denaxas, S. C., Farrington, C. P., Whitaker, H., Hemingway, H., and Douglas, I., Antipsychotic drugs and risks of myocardial infarction: a self-controlled case series study, Eur Heart J, vol. 36, pp. 984-92, 2015.
K. L. Goh, Bhaskaran, K., Minassian, C., Evans, S. J., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of dementia: cohort study in UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 79, pp. 337-50, 2015.
K. Bhaskaran, Douglas, I., Evans, S., Van Staa, T., and Smeeth, L., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 344, p. e2697, 2012.
D. Nitsch, Douglas, I., Smeeth, L., and Fletcher, A., Age-related macular degeneration and complement activation-related diseases: a population-based case-control study, Ophthalmology, vol. 115, pp. 1904-10, 2008.
M. Schmidt, Mansfield, K. E., Bhaskaran, K., Nitsch, D., Sorensen, H. T., Smeeth, L., and Tomlinson, L. A., Adherence to guidelines for creatinine and potassium monitoring and discontinuation following renin-angiotensin system blockade: a UK general practice-based cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e012818, 2017.
C. Minassian, Thomas, S. L., Williams, D. J., Campbell, O., and Smeeth, L., Acute maternal infection and risk of pre-eclampsia: a population-based case-control study, PLoS One, vol. 8, p. e73047, 2013.
M. F. Barakat, McDonald, H. I., Collier, T. J., Smeeth, L., Nitsch, D., and Quint, J. K., Acute kidney injury in stable COPD and at exacerbation, Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis, vol. 10, pp. 2067-77, 2015.
K. E. Mansfield, Douglas, I. J., Nitsch, D., Thomas, S. L., Smeeth, L., and Tomlinson, L. A., Acute kidney injury and infections in patients taking antihypertensive drugs: a self-controlled case series analysis, Clin Epidemiol, vol. 10, pp. 187-202, 2018.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]