Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,500 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 7 September 2020) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 3MB, 209 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 6 results:
Author Title [ Type(Asc)] Year
Filters: Author is Happich, M.  [Clear All Filters]
Journal Article
N. Shi, Durden, E., Torres, A., Cao, Z., and Happich, M., Predictors of Treatment with Duloxetine or Venlafaxine XR among Adult Patients Treated for Depression in Primary Care Practices in the United Kingdom, Depress Res Treat, vol. 2012, p. 815363, 2012.
N. Shi, Cao, Z., Durden, E., Schacht, A., Torres, A., and Happich, M., Healthcare utilization among patients with depression before and after initiating duloxetine in the United Kingdom, J Med Econ, vol. 15, pp. 672-80, 2012.
L. Chen, Reed, C., Happich, M., Nyhuis, A., and Lenox-Smith, A., Health care resource utilisation in primary care prior to and after a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: a retrospective, matched case-control study in the United Kingdom, BMC Geriatr, vol. 14, p. 76, 2014.
C. Reed, Hong, J., Novick, D., Lenox-Smith, A., and Happich, M., Health care costs before and after diagnosis of depression in patients with unexplained pain: a retrospective cohort study using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database, Clinicoecon Outcomes Res, vol. 5, pp. 37-47, 2013.
M. Happich, Kirson, N. Y., Desai, U., King, S., Birnbaum, H. G., Reed, C., Belger, M., Lenox-Smith, A., and Price, D., Excess Costs Associated with Possible Misdiagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease Among Patients with Vascular Dementia in a UK CPRD Population, J Alzheimers Dis, vol. 53, pp. 171-83, 2016.
J. Hong, Reed, C., Novick, D., and Happich, M., Costs associated with treatment of chronic low back pain: an analysis of the UK General Practice Research Database, Spine (Phila Pa 1976), vol. 38, pp. 75-82, 2013.
[Page last reviewed 7 September 2020]