Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,300 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 4 November 2019) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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Author Title [ Type(Desc)] Year
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Journal Article
A. J. Hire, Ashcroft, D. M., Springate, D. A., and Steinke, D. T., ADHD in the United Kingdom: Regional and Socioeconomic Variations in Incidence Rates Amongst Children and Adolescents (2004-2013), J Atten Disord, vol. 22, pp. 134-142, 2018.
R. Parisi, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Moriarty, K. J., Kleyn, C. E., Griffiths, C. E. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Alcohol-Related Mortality in Patients With Psoriasis: A Population-Based Cohort Study, JAMA Dermatol, vol. 153, pp. 1256-1262, 2017.
M. Nowakowska, Van Staa, T., Molter, A., Ashcroft, D. M., Tsang, J. Y., White, A., Welfare, W., and Palin, V., Antibiotic choice in UK general practice: rates and drivers of potentially inappropriate antibiotic prescribing, J Antimicrob Chemother, 2019.
V. Palin, Molter, A., Belmonte, M., Ashcroft, D. M., White, A., Welfare, W., and Van Staa, T., Antibiotic prescribing for common infections in UK general practice: variability and drivers, J Antimicrob Chemother, 2019.
S. J. Stocks, Kontopantelis, E., Webb, R. T., Avery, A. J., Burns, A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Antipsychotic Prescribing to Patients Diagnosed with Dementia Without a Diagnosis of Psychosis in the Context of National Guidance and Drug Safety Warnings: Longitudinal Study in UK General Practice, Drug Saf, vol. 40, pp. 679-692, 2017.
E. Kontopantelis, Springate, D. A., Ashcroft, D. M., Valderas, J. M., van der Veer, S. N., Reeves, D., Guthrie, B., and Doran, T., Associations between exemption and survival outcomes in the UK's primary care pay-for-performance programme: a retrospective cohort study, BMJ Qual Saf, vol. 25, pp. 657-70, 2016.
D. A. Springate, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Doran, T., Ryan, R., and Reeves, D., Can analyses of electronic patient records be independently and externally validated? Study 2–the effect of beta-adrenoceptor blocker therapy on cancer survival: a retrospective cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e007299, 2015.
D. Reeves, Springate, D. A., Ashcroft, D. M., Ryan, R., Doran, T., Morris, R., Olier, I., and Kontopantelis, E., Can analyses of electronic patient records be independently and externally validated? The effect of statins on the mortality of patients with ischaemic heart disease: a cohort study with nested case-control analysis, BMJ Open, vol. 4, p. e004952, 2014.
A. K. Wright, Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I. E., Mamas, M. A., Sattar, N., Ashcroft, D. M., and Rutter, M. K., Cardiovascular Risk and Risk Factor Management in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Assessing Sex Disparities, Circulation, 2019.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., While, D., Awenat, Y., Cooper, J., Chew-Graham, C., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., Clinical management following self-harm in a UK-wide primary care cohort, J Affect Disord, vol. 197, pp. 182-8, 2016.
D. A. Springate, Kontopantelis, E., Ashcroft, D. M., Olier, I., Parisi, R., Chamapiwa, E., and Reeves, D., ClinicalCodes: an online clinical codes repository to improve the validity and reproducibility of research using electronic medical records, PLoS One, vol. 9, p. e99825, 2014.
M. Nowakowska, Zghebi, S. S., Ashcroft, D. M., Buchan, I., Chew-Graham, C., Holt, T., Mallen, C., van Marwijk, H., Peek, N., Perera-Salazar, R., Reeves, D., Rutter, M. K., Weng, S. F., Qureshi, N., Mamas, M. A., and Kontopantelis, E., The comorbidity burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus: patterns, clusters and predictions from a large English primary care cohort, BMC Med, vol. 17, p. 145, 2019.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Rutter, M. K., Emsley, R. A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Comparative risk of major cardiovascular events associated with second-line antidiabetic treatments: a retrospective cohort study using UK primary care data linked to hospitalization and mortality records, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 18, pp. 916-24, 2016.
Y. Li, Sperrin, M., Belmonte, M., Pate, A., Ashcroft, D. M., and van Staa, T. P., Do population-level risk prediction models that use routinely collected health data reliably predict individual risks?, Sci Rep, vol. 9, p. 11222, 2019.
A. Thompson, Ashcroft, D. M., Owens, L., van Staa, T. P., and Pirmohamed, M., Drug therapy for alcohol dependence in primary care in the UK: A Clinical Practice Research Datalink study, PLoS One, vol. 12, p. e0173272, 2017.
A. Thompson, Wright, A. K., Ashcroft, D. M., van Staa, T. P., and Pirmohamed, M., Epidemiology of alcohol dependence in UK primary care: Results from a large observational study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, PLoS One, vol. 12, p. e0174818, 2017.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Awenat, Y., Cooper, J., Chew-Graham, C., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., The epidemiology of self-harm in a UK-wide primary care patient cohort, 2001-2013, BMC Psychiatry, vol. 16, p. 53, 2016.
S. S. Zghebi, Steinke, D. T., Carr, M. J., Rutter, M. K., Emsley, R. A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Examining trends in type 2 diabetes incidence, prevalence and mortality in the UK between 2004 and 2014, Diabetes Obes Metab, vol. 19, pp. 1537-1545, 2017.
S. J. Stocks, Kontopantelis, E., Akbarov, A., Rodgers, S., Avery, A. J., and Ashcroft, D. M., Examining variations in prescribing safety in UK general practice: cross sectional study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Bmj, vol. 351, p. h5501, 2015.
E. Kontopantelis, Springate, D. A., Reeves, D., Ashcroft, D. M., Rutter, M. K., Buchan, I., and Doran, T., Glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels and their relationships to clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study, Diabetologia, vol. 58, pp. 505-18, 2015.
C. Morgan, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Kontopantelis, E., Green, J., Chew-Graham, C. A., Kapur, N., and Ashcroft, D. M., Incidence, clinical management, and mortality risk following self harm among children and adolescents: cohort study in primary care, Bmj, vol. 359, p. j4351, 2017.
D. A. Springate, Parisi, R., Kontopantelis, E., Reeves, D., Griffiths, C. E., and Ashcroft, D. M., Incidence, prevalence and mortality of patients with psoriasis: a U.K. population-based cohort study, Br J Dermatol, vol. 176, pp. 650-658, 2017.
S. Reilly, Olier, I., Planner, C., Doran, T., Reeves, D., Ashcroft, D. M., Gask, L., and Kontopantelis, E., Inequalities in physical comorbidity: a longitudinal comparative cohort study of people with severe mental illness in the UK, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e009010, 2015.
A. K. Wright, Kontopantelis, E., Emsley, R., Buchan, I., Sattar, N., Rutter, M. K., and Ashcroft, D. M., Life Expectancy and Cause-Specific Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Cohort Study Quantifying Relationships in Ethnic Subgroups, Diabetes Care, vol. 40, pp. 338-345, 2017.
I. Olier, Springate, D. A., Ashcroft, D. M., Doran, T., Reeves, D., Planner, C., Reilly, S., and Kontopantelis, E., Modelling Conditions and Health Care Processes in Electronic Health Records: An Application to Severe Mental Illness with the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, PLoS One, vol. 11, p. e0146715, 2016.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., While, D., Awenat, Y., Cooper, J., Chew-Graham, C., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., Premature Death Among Primary Care Patients With a History of Self-Harm, Ann Fam Med, vol. 15, pp. 246-254, 2017.
M. J. Carr, Ashcroft, D. M., White, P. D., Kapur, N., and Webb, R. T., Prevalence of comorbid mental and physical illnesses and risks for self-harm and premature death among primary care patients diagnosed with fatigue syndromes, Psychol Med, pp. 1-8, 2019.
K. M. Abel, Hope, H., Swift, E., Parisi, R., Ashcroft, D. M., Kosidou, K., Osam, C. S., Dalman, C., and Pierce, M., Prevalence of maternal mental illness among children and adolescents in the UK between 2005 and 2017: a national retrospective cohort analysis, Lancet Public Health, vol. 4, pp. e291-e300, 2019.
E. Kontopantelis, Olier, I., Planner, C., Reeves, D., Ashcroft, D. M., Gask, L., Doran, T., and Reilly, S., Primary care consultation rates among people with and without severe mental illness: a UK cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, BMJ Open, vol. 5, p. e008650, 2015.
R. Parisi, Rutter, M. K., Lunt, M., Young, H. S., Symmons, D. P. M., Griffiths, C. E. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Psoriasis and the Risk of Major Cardiovascular Events: Cohort Study Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, J Invest Dermatol, vol. 135, pp. 2189-2197, 2015.
R. Parisi, Webb, R. T., Kleyn, C. E., Carr, M. J., Kapur, N., Griffiths, C. E. M., and Ashcroft, D. M., Psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour in psoriasis: a primary care cohort study, Br J Dermatol, 2018.
S. Smith, Smith, G. E., Heatlie, H., Bashford, J. N., Ashcroft, D. M., Verlander, N. Q., Duckworth, G. J., Mason, B., Smyth, B., and Maxwell, S., Reducing variation in antibacterial prescribing rates for 'cough/cold' and sore throat between 1993 and 2001: regional analyses using the general practice research database, Public Health, vol. 120, pp. 752-9, 2006.
Y. Li, Molter, A., White, A., Welfare, W., Palin, V., Belmonte, M., Ashcroft, D. M., Sperrin, M., and van Staa, T. P., Relationship between prescribing of antibiotics and other medicines in primary care: a cross-sectional study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 69, pp. e42-e51, 2019.
H. C. Gorton, Webb, R. T., Pickrell, W. O., Carr, M. J., and Ashcroft, D. M., Risk factors for self-harm in people with epilepsy, J Neurol, vol. 265, pp. 3009-3016, 2018.
H. C. Gorton, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., DelPozo-Banos, M., John, A., and Ashcroft, D. M., Risk of Unnatural Mortality in People With Epilepsy, JAMA Neurol, vol. 75, pp. 929-938, 2018.
C. Morgan, Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Kontopantelis, E., Chew-Graham, C. A., Kapur, N., and Ashcroft, D. M., Self-harm in a primary care cohort of older people: incidence, clinical management, and risk of suicide and other causes of death, Lancet Psychiatry, vol. 5, pp. 905-912, 2018.
E. Kontopantelis, Stevens, R. J., Helms, P. J., Edwards, D., Doran, T., and Ashcroft, D. M., Spatial distribution of clinical computer systems in primary care in England in 2016 and implications for primary care electronic medical record databases: a cross-sectional population study, BMJ Open, vol. 8, p. e020738, 2018.
M. Doyle, While, D., Mok, P. L., Windfuhr, K., Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Chew-Graham, C. A., Appleby, L., Shaw, J., and Webb, R. T., Suicide risk in primary care patients diagnosed with a personality disorder: a nested case control study, BMC Fam Pract, vol. 17, p. 106, 2016.
K. Windfuhr, While, D., Kapur, N., Ashcroft, D. M., Kontopantelis, E., Carr, M. J., Shaw, J., Appleby, L., and Webb, R. T., Suicide risk linked with clinical consultation frequency, psychiatric diagnoses and psychotropic medication prescribing in a national study of primary-care patients, Psychol Med, vol. 46, pp. 3407-3417, 2016.
J. Sarginson, Webb, R. T., Stocks, S. J., Esmail, A., Garg, S., and Ashcroft, D. M., Temporal trends in antidepressant prescribing to children in UK primary care, 2000-2015, J Affect Disord, vol. 210, pp. 312-318, 2017.
A. Pate, Emsley, R., Ashcroft, D. M., Brown, B., and Van Staa, T., The uncertainty with using risk prediction models for individual decision making: an exemplar cohort study examining the prediction of cardiovascular disease in English primary care, BMC Med, vol. 17, p. 134, 2019.
S. S. Zghebi, Rutter, M. K., Ashcroft, D. M., Salisbury, C., Mallen, C., Chew-Graham, C. A., Reeves, D., van Marwijk, H., Qureshi, N., Weng, S., Peek, N., Planner, C., Nowakowska, M., Mamas, M., and Kontopantelis, E., Using electronic health records to quantify and stratify the severity of type 2 diabetes in primary care in England: rationale and cohort study design, BMJ Open, vol. 8, p. e020926, 2018.
E. Kontopantelis, Springate, D., Reeves, D., Ashcroft, D. M., Valderas, J. M., and Doran, T., Withdrawing performance indicators: retrospective analysis of general practice performance under UK Quality and Outcomes Framework, Bmj, vol. 348, p. g330, 2014.
[Page last reviewed 4 November 2019]