Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 3,000 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography listed below is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 8 September 2022).

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

Download: CPRD bibliography PDF September 2022 (PDF, 6MB, 273 pages) 

Download: CPRD bibliography .BIB September 2022 (BIB, 1.3MB, 1 page)

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website

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Year Sort ascending Title
2021

Triple Inhaler versus Dual Bronchodilator Therapy in COPD: Real-World Effectiveness on Mortality

10.1080/15412555.2021.1977789

Authors: S. Suissa, S. Dell'Aniello, P. Ernst

2021

UK prevalence of underlying conditions which increase the risk of severe COVID-19 disease: a point prevalence study using electronic health records

10.1186/s12889-021-10427-2

Authors: J. Walker, D. Grint, H. Strongman, R. Eggo, M. Peppa, C. Minassian, K. Mansfield, C. Rentsch, I. Douglas, R. Mathur, A. Wong, J. Quint, N. Andrews, J. Bernal, J. Scott, M. Ramsay, L. Smeeth, H. McDonald

2021

Use of levothyroxine among pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism in the United Kingdom: A population-based assessment

10.1002/prp2.848

Authors: Y. Yu, K. Filion, P. Reynier, R. Platt, O. H. Y. Yu, S. Grandi

2021

Use of menopausal hormone therapy and risk of dementia: nested case-control studies using QResearch and CPRD databases

10.1136/bmj.n2182

Authors: Y. Vinogradova, T. Dening, J. Hippisley-Cox, L. Taylor, M. Moore, C. Coupland

2021

The use of mono- and combination drug therapy in men and women with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the UK: a retrospective observational study

10.1186/s12894-021-00881-w

Authors: M. Ali, M. Landeira, P. Covernton, N. Choudhury, A. Jaggi, F. Fatoye, R. van Maanen

2021

Use of prescribing safety quality improvement reports in UK general practices: a qualitative assessment

10.1186/s12913-021-06417-0

Authors: N. Khan, H. Booth, P. Myles, D. Mullett, A. Gallagher, C. Evans, N. Thomas, J. Valentine

2021

Using Bayesian Networks to identify musculoskeletal symptoms influencing the risk of developing Psoriatic Arthritis in people with psoriasis

10.1093/rheumatology/keab310

Authors: A. Green, W. Tillett, N. McHugh, T. Smith

2021

Using electronic health records to inform trial feasibility in a rare autoimmune blistering skin disease in England

10.1186/s12874-021-01212-1

Authors: M. Persson, K. Harman, K. Thomas, J. Chalmers, Y. Vinogradova, S. Langan, J. Hippisley-Cox, S. Gran

2021

Utilisation and Safety of Polyethylene Glycol 3350 with Electrolytes in Children Under 2 Years: A Retrospective Cohort

10.1097/mpg.0000000000003074

Authors: D. Roy, F. Akriche, B. Amlani, S. Shakir

2021

Utilization and long-term persistence of direct oral anticoagulants among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and liver disease

10.1111/bcp.15046

Authors: A. Douros, Y. Cui, R. Platt, K. Filion, G. Sebastiani, C. Renoux

2021

The Utilization and Safety of Umeclidinium and Umeclidinium/Vilanterol in UK Primary Care: A Retrospective Cohort Study

10.2147/copd.s291931

Authors: G. Requena, D. Dedman, J. Quint, R. Ghosh, R. Williams, J. Pimenta

2021

Validity of an algorithm to identify cardiovascular deaths from administrative health records: a multi-database population-based cohort study

10.1186/s12913-021-06762-0

Authors: L. Lix, S. Sobhan, A. St-Jean, J. Daigle, A. Fisher, O. H. Y. Yu, S. Dell'Aniello, N. Hu, S. Bugden, B. Shah, P. Ronksley, S. Alessi-Severini, A. Douros, P. Ernst, K. Filion

2021

Validity of bariatric surgery codes in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) GOLD compared with Hospital Episodes Statistics

10.1002/pds.5221

Authors: T. Burkard, M. Rauch, S. Jick, C. Meier

2021

Vertebral fracture as a risk factor for self-harm: a retrospective cohort study

10.1186/s12891-021-04631-9

Authors: J. Prior, F. Crawford-Manning, R. Whittle, A. Abdul-Sultan, C. Chew-Graham, S. Muller, T. Shepherd, A. Sumathipala, C. Mallen, Z. Paskins

2021

Weight change, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cardiovascular incidence in people with serious mental illness: protocol of a population-based cohort study in the UK from 1998 to 2020

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-053427

Authors: C. Lee, F. Waite, M. Smith, M. Gao, C. Bankhead, P. Aveyard, C. Piernas

2021

wEight chanGes, caRdio-mEtabolic risks and morTality in patients with hyperthyroidism (EGRET): a protocol for a CPRD-HES linked cohort study

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-055219

Authors: B. Torlinska, J. Hazlehurst, K. Nirantharakumar, G. Thomas, J. Priestley, S. Finnikin, P. Saunders, K. Abrams, K. Boelaert

2021

Weight loss and risk reduction of obesity-related outcomes in 0.5 million people: evidence from a UK primary care database

10.1038/s41366-021-00788-4

Authors: C. Haase, S. Lopes, A. Olsen, A. Satylganova, V. Schnecke, P. McEwan

2021

What is the incidence of methotrexate or leflunomide discontinuation related to cytopenia, liver enzyme elevation or kidney function decline?

10.1093/rheumatology/keab254

Authors: G. Nakafero, M. Grainge, T. Card, C. Mallen, W. Zhang, M. Doherty, M. Taal, G. Aithal, A. Abhishek

2021

Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have an increased risk of major cardiovascular events: a population study

10.1210/clinem/dgab392

Authors: T. Berni, C. Morgan, D. Rees

2021

Younger people with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk of fracture even before age 50 years: a population-based cohort study

10.1007/s00198-021-05862-1

Authors: J. Erwin, D. Enki, A. Woolf

2021

β-blocker prescription is associated with lower cumulative risk of knee osteoarthritis and knee pain consultations in primary care: a propensity score matched cohort study

10.1093/rheumatology/keab234

Authors: G. Nakafero, M. Grainge, A. Valdes, N. Townsend, C. Mallen, W. Zhang, M. Doherty, M. Mamas, A. Abhishek

2021

Suicide and other causes of death among working-age and older adults in the year after discharge from in-patient mental healthcare in England: matched cohort study

10.1192/bjp.2021.176

Authors: R. Musgrove, M. Carr, N. Kapur, C. Chew-Graham, F. Mughal, D. Ashcroft, R. Webb

2021

Healthcare resource use and costs for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus with and without severe mental illness in England: longitudinal matched-cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink

10.1192/bjp.2021.131

Authors: H. Wang, L. Han, R. Jacobs, T. Doran, R. Holt, S. Prady, S. Gilbody, D. Shiers, S. Alderson, C. Hewitt, J. Taylor, C. Kitchen, S. Bellass, N. Siddiqi

2021

The healthcare resource impact of maternal mental illness on children and adolescents: UK retrospective cohort study

10.1192/bjp.2021.65

Authors: H. Hope, C. Osam, E. Kontopantelis, S. Hughes, L. Munford, D. Ashcroft, M. Pierce, K. Abel

2021

The Long-Term Impact of Vaginal Surgical Mesh Devices in UK Primary Care: A Cohort Study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink

10.2147/clep.s333775

Authors: E. McFadden, S. Lay-Flurrie, C. Koshiaris, G. Richards, C. Heneghan

2021

Does pre-existing morbidity influences risks and benefits of total hip replacement for osteoarthritis: a prospective study of 6682 patients from linked national datasets in England

10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046712

Authors: R. Ferguson, D. Prieto-Alhambra, G. Peat, A. Delmestri, K. Jordan, V . Y. Strauss, J. Valderas, C. Walker, D. Yu, S. Glyn-Jones, A. Silman

2021

Does pre-existing morbidity influences risks and benefits of total hip replacement for osteoarthritis: a prospective study of 6682 patients from linked national datasets in England

10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046712

Authors: R. Ferguson, D. Prieto-Alhambra, G. Peat, A. Delmestri, K. Jordan, V . Y. Strauss, J. Valderas, C. Walker, D. Yu, S. Glyn-Jones, A. Silman

2021

Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors and Urinary Tract Infections: A Propensity Score-matched Population-based Cohort Study

10.1016/j.jcjd.2021.12.005

Authors: W. Alkabbani, A. Zongo, J. Minhas-Sandhu, D. Eurich, B. Shah, M. Alsabbagh, J. Gamble

2021

Associations between attainment of incentivized primary care indicators and incident sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in England: A population-based historical cohort study

10.1111/dom.14344

Authors: A. McKay, L. Gunn, M. Nugawela, T. Sathish, A. Majeed, Vamos E, G. Molina, S. Sivaprasad

2021

Healthcare, Medication Utilization and Outcomes of Patients with COPD by GOLD Classification in England

10.2147/copd.s318969

Authors: L. Sansbury, K. Rothnie, C. Bains, C. Compton, G. Anley, A. Ismaila

2021

Effectiveness and safety among direct oral anticoagulants in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: A multi-database cohort study with meta-analysis

10.1111/bcp.14669

Authors: M. Durand, M. Schnitzer, M. Pang, G. Carney, S. Eltonsy, K. Filion, A. Fisher, M. Jun, I. Kuo, A. Matteau, J. Paterson, J. Quail, C. Renoux

2021

Persistence of Eosinophilic Asthma Endotype and Clinical Outcomes: A Real-World Observational Study

10.2147/jaa.s306416

Authors: T. Tran, M. Kerkhof, V. Carter, D. Price

2021

Lower cardiorenal risk with sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors versus dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes without cardiovascular and renal diseases: A large multinational observational study

10.1111/dom.14189

Authors: K. Birkeland, J. Bodegard, A. Banerjee, D. Kim, A. Norhammar, J. Eriksson, M. Thuresson, S. Okami, K. Ha, N. Kossack, J. Mamza, R. Zhang, T. Yajima, I. Komuro, T. Kadowaki

2021

Lower risk of hospitalization for heart failure, kidney disease and death with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors compared with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes regardless of prior cardiovascular or kidney disease

10.1111/dom.14437

Authors: I. Idris, R. Zhang, J. Mamza, M. Ford, T. Morris, A. Banerjee, K. Khunti

2020

Ability of primary care health databases to assess medicinal products discussed by the European Union Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee

10.1002/cpt.1775

Authors: R. Flynn, K. Hedenmalm, T. Murray-Thomas, A. Pacurariu, P. Arlett, H. Shepherd, P. Myles, X. Kurz

2020

Accelerated FEV(1) decline and risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in a primary care population of COPD patients

10.1183/13993003.00918-2020

Authors: H. Whittaker, C. Bloom, A. Morgan, D. Jarvis, S. Kiddle, J. Quint

2020

Adaptive Treatment Strategies with Survival Outcomes: An Application to the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes using a Large Observational Database

10.1093/aje/kwz272

Authors: G. Simoneau, E. Moodie, L. Azoulay, R. Platt

2020

Quality of life and mental health in breast cancer survivors compared with non-cancer controls: a study of patient-reported outcomes in the United Kingdom

10.1007/s11764-020-00950-3

Authors: H. Carreira, R. Williams, H. Dempsey, S. Stanway, L. Smeeth, K. Bhaskaran

2020

Quantifying the impact of pre-existing conditions on the stage of oesophagogastric cancer at diagnosis: a primary care cohort study using electronic medical records

10.1093/fampra/cmaa132

Authors: M. Quiroga, E. Shephard, L. Mounce, M. Carney, W. Hamilton, S. Price

2020

Real-world data on the incidence, mortality, and cost of ischaemic stroke and major bleeding events among non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients in England

10.1111/jep.13400

Authors: A. Bakhai, H. Petri, F. Vahidnia, C. Wolf, Y. Ding, N. Foskett, M. Sculpher

2020

Real-world reproducibility study characterizing patients newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma using Clinical Practice Research Datalink, a UK-based electronic health records database

10.1002/pds.5171

Authors: A. Seesaghur, N. Petruski-Ivleva, V. Banks, J. Wang, P. Mattox, E. Hoeben, J. Maskell, D. Neasham, S. Reynolds, G. Kafatos

2020

Recurrent heart failure hospitalizations are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in patients with heart failure in Clinical Practice Research Datalink

10.1002/ehf2.12727

Authors: R. Lahoz, A. Fagan, M. McSharry, C. Proudfoot, S. Corda, R. Studer

2020

Regional analysis of UK primary care prescribing and adult service referrals for young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

10.1192/bjo.2019.94

Authors: A. Price, T. Ford, A. Janssens, A. Williams, T. Newlove-Delgado

2020

Resource use and direct medical costs of acute respiratory illness in the UK based on linked primary and secondary care records from 2001 to 2009

10.1371/journal.pone.0236472

Authors: G. Meier, J. Watkins, P. McEwan, R. Pockett

2020

Respiratory tract infection-related healthcare utilisation in children with Down\textquoterights syndrome

10.1007/s15010-020-01408-5

Authors: L. Manikam, A. Schilder, M. Lakhanpaul, P. Littlejohns, E. Alexander, A. Hayward

2020

Risk Factor Control and Cardiovascular Event Risk in People With Type 2 Diabetes in Primary and Secondary Prevention Settings

10.1161/circulationaha.120.046783

Authors: A. Wright, M. Suarez-Ortegon, S. Read, E. Kontopantelis, I. Buchan, R. Emsley, N. Sattar, D. Ashcroft, S. Wild, M. Rutter

2020

Risk factors associated with the incidence and recurrence of hyperkalaemia in patients with cardiorenal conditions

10.1111/ijcp.13941

Authors: E. Tafesse, M. Hurst, L. Hoskin, K. Badora, D. Sugrue, L. Qin, G. James, P. McEwan

2020

Risk of depression, suicide and psychosis with hydroxychloroquine treatment for rheumatoid arthritis: a multinational network cohort study

10.1093/rheumatology/keaa771

Authors: J. Lane, J. Weaver, K. Kostka, T. Duarte-Salles, M. Abrahao, H. Alghoul, O. Alser, T. Alshammari, C. Areia, P. Biedermann, J. Banda, E. Burn, P. Casajust, Fi\v ster, J. Hardin, L. Hester, G. Hripcsak, B. Kaas-Hansen, S. Khosla, S. Kolovos, K. Lynch, R. Makadia, P. Mehta, D. Morales, H. Morgan-Stewart, M. Mosseveld, D. Newby, F. Nyberg, A. Ostropolets, Woong Park, A. Prats-Uribe, G. Rao, C. Reich, P. Rijnbeek, A. Sena, A. Shoaibi, M. Spotnitz, S. Vignesh, M. Suchard, D. Vizcaya, H. Wen, M. de Wilde, J. Xie, S. You, L. Zhang, S. Lovestone, P. Ryan, D. Prieto-Alhambra

2020

Risk of hand osteoarthritis in new users of hormone replacement therapy: A nested case-control analysis

10.1016/j.maturitas.2019.11.006

Authors: T. Burkard, M. Rauch, J. Spoendlin, D. Prieto-Alhambra, S. Jick, C. Meier

2020

Risk of herpes zoster after exposure to varicella to explore the exogenous boosting hypothesis: self controlled case series study using UK electronic healthcare data

10.1136/bmj.l6987

Authors: H. Forbes, I. Douglas, A. Finn, J. Breuer, K. Bhaskaran, L. Smeeth, S. Packer, S. Langan, K. Mansfield, R. Marlow, H. Whitaker, C. Warren-Gash