Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

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 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website

 

 

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[ Author(Desc)] Title Type Year
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C
E. Cecil, Bottle, A., Ma, R., Hargreaves, D. S., Wolfe, I., ,, and Saxena, S., Impact of preventive primary care on children's unplanned hospital admissions: a population-based birth cohort study of UK children 2000-2013, BMC Med, vol. 16, p. 151, 2018.
E. Cecil, Bottle, A., Majeed, A., and Aylin, P., Factors associated with potentially missed acute deterioration in primary care, Br J Gen Pract, 2021.
C. V. Chalitsios, McKeever, T. M., and Shaw, D. E., Incidence of osteoporosis and fragility fractures in asthma: a UK population-based matched cohort study, Eur Respir J, 2020.
C. V. Chalitsios, Shaw, D. E., and McKeever, T. M., Risk of osteoporosis and fragility fractures in asthma due to oral and inhaled corticosteroids: two population-based nested case-control studies, Thorax, 2020.
J. D. Chalmers, Poole, C., Webster, S., Tebboth, A., Dickinson, S., and Gayle, A., Assessing the healthcare resource use associated with inappropriate prescribing of inhaled corticosteroids for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in GOLD groups A or B: an observational study using the Clinical Practice Research Data, Respir Res, vol. 19, p. 63, 2018.
J. D. Chalmers, Tebboth, A., Gayle, A., Ternouth, A., and Ramscar, N., Determinants of initial inhaled corticosteroid use in patients with GOLD A/B COPD: a retrospective study of UK general practice, NPJ Prim Care Respir Med, vol. 27, p. 43, 2017.
M. S. Chan, van den Hout, A., Pujades-Rodriguez, M., Jones, M. M., Matthews, F. E., Jagger, C., Raine, R., and Bajekal, M., Socio-economic inequalities in life expectancy of older adults with and without multimorbidity: a record linkage study of 1.1 million people in England, Int J Epidemiol, 2019.
K. C. Chang, Soljak, M., Lee, J. T., Woringer, M., Johnston, D., Khunti, K., Majeed, A., and Millett, C., Coverage of a national cardiovascular risk assessment and management programme (NHS Health Check): Retrospective database study, Prev Med, vol. 78, pp. 1-8, 2015.
K. C. Chang, Lee, J. T., Vamos, E. P., Soljak, M., Johnston, D., Khunti, K., Majeed, A., and Millett, C., Impact of the National Health Service Health Check on cardiovascular disease risk: a difference-in-differences matching analysis, Cmaj, vol. 188, pp. E228-38, 2016.
K. C. Chang, Vamos, E. P., Palladino, R., Majeed, A., Lee, J. T., and Millett, C., Impact of the NHS Health Check on inequalities in cardiovascular disease risk: a difference-in-differences matching analysis, J Epidemiol Community Health, 2018.
C. R. Chapman and Bradshaw, D. H., Only modest long-term opioid dose escalation occurs over time in chronic nonmalignant pain management, J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, vol. 27, pp. 370-7, 2013.
C. R. Chapple, Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction–Triumph: design and implementation, Eur Urol, vol. 39 Suppl 3, pp. 31-6, 2001.
C. R. Chapple, Nazir, J., Hakimi, Z., Bowditch, S., Fatoye, F., Guelfucci, F., Khemiri, A., Siddiqui, E., and Wagg, A., Persistence and Adherence with Mirabegron versus Antimuscarinic Agents in Patients with Overactive Bladder: A Retrospective Observational Study in UK Clinical Practice, Eur Urol, vol. 72, pp. 389-399, 2017.
S. Charlier, Vavanikunnel, J., Becker, C., Jick, S. S., Meier, C., and Meier, C. R., Antidiabetic treatment, level of glycemic control, and risk of fracture in diabetes type 2: A nested case-control study, J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 2020.
J. Charlton, Ravindrarajah, R., Hamada, S., Jackson, S. H., and Gulliford, M. C., Trajectory of Total Cholesterol in the Last Years of Life Over Age 80 Years: Cohort Study of 99,758 Participants, J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, vol. 73, pp. 1083-1089, 2018.
J. Charlton, Latinovic, R., and Gulliford, M. C., Explaining the decline in early mortality in men and women with type 2 diabetes: a population-based cohort study, Diabetes Care, vol. 31, pp. 1761-6, 2008.
J. Charlton, Rudisill, C., Bhattarai, N., and Gulliford, M., Impact of deprivation on occurrence, outcomes and health care costs of people with multiple morbidity, J Health Serv Res Policy, vol. 18, pp. 215-23, 2013.
R. Charlton, Green, A., Shaddick, G., Snowball, J., Nightingale, A., Tillett, W., Smith, C., and McHugh, N., Risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in an incident cohort of people with psoriatic arthritis: a population-based cohort study, Rheumatology (Oxford), 2018.
R. Charlton, Green, A., Shaddick, G., Snowball, J., Nightingale, A., Tillett, W., Smith, C. H., and McHugh, N., Risk of uveitis and inflammatory bowel disease in people with psoriatic arthritis: a population-based cohort study, Ann Rheum Dis, vol. 77, pp. 277-280, 2018.
R. Charlton, Garne, E., Wang, H., Klungsoyr, K., Jordan, S., Neville, A., Pierini, A., Hansen, A., Engeland, A., Gini, R., Thayer, D., Bos, J., Puccini, A., Andersen, A. M. Nybo, Dolk, H., and L. van den Berg, deJong-, Antiepileptic drug prescribing before, during and after pregnancy: a study in seven European regions, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 24, pp. 1144-54, 2015.
R. Charlton, Snowball, J., Sammon, C., and de Vries, C., The Clinical Practice Research Datalink for drug safety in pregnancy research: an overview, Therapie, vol. 69, pp. 83-9, 2014.
R. Charlton, Green, A., Shaddick, G., Snowball, J., Nightingale, A., Tillett, W., Smith, C., and McHugh, N., Risk of osteoarthritis in an incident cohort of people with psoriatic arthritis: a population-based cohort study, J Rheumatol, 2020.
R. Charlton, Snowball, J., Bloomfield, K., and de Vries, C., Colorectal cancer incidence on the General Practice Research Database, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 21, pp. 775-783, 2012.
R. A. Charlton, Snowball, J. M., Nightingale, A. L., and Davis, K. J., Safety of Fluticasone Propionate Prescribed for Asthma During Pregnancy: A UK Population-Based Cohort Study, J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract, vol. 3, pp. 772-9.e3, 2015.
R. A. Charlton, Cunnington, M. C., de Vries, C. S., and Weil, J. G., Data resources for investigating drug exposure during pregnancy and associated outcomes: the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) as an alternative to pregnancy registries, Drug Saf, vol. 31, pp. 39-51, 2008.
R. A. Charlton, Weil, J. G., Cunnington, M. C., and de Vries, C. S., Identifying major congenital malformations in the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD): a study reporting on the sensitivity and added value of photocopied medical records and free text in the GPRD, Drug Saf, vol. 33, pp. 741-50, 2010.
R. A. Charlton, Weil, J. G., Cunnington, M. C., Ray, S., and de Vries, C. S., Comparing the General Practice Research Database and the UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register as tools for postmarketing teratogen surveillance: anticonvulsants and the risk of major congenital malformations, Drug Saf, vol. 34, pp. 157-71, 2011.
R. A. Charlton, Hutchison, A., Davis, K. J., and de Vries, C. S., Asthma management in pregnancy, PLoS One, vol. 8, p. e60247, 2013.
R. A. Charlton, Snowball, J. M., Bloomfield, K., and de Vries, C. S., Colorectal cancer risk reduction following macrogol exposure: a cohort and nested case control study in the UK, PLoS One, vol. 8, p. e83203, 2013.
R. A. Charlton, Pierini, A., Klungsoyr, K., Neville, A. J., Jordan, S., van den Berg, L. T. de Jong, Thayer, D., Bos, H. J., Puccini, A., Hansen, A. V., Gini, R., Engeland, A., Andersen, A. M. Nybo, Dolk, H., and Garne, E., Asthma medication prescribing before, during and after pregnancy: a study in seven European regions, BMJ Open, vol. 6, p. e009237, 2016.
R. A. Charlton, McGrogan, A., Snowball, J., Yates, L. M., Wood, A., Clayton-Smith, J., Smithson, W. H., Richardson, J. L., McHugh, N., Thomas, S. H., Baker, G. A., and Bromley, R., Sensitivity of the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink to Detect Neurodevelopmental Effects of Medicine Exposure in Utero: Comparative Analysis of an Antiepileptic Drug-Exposed Cohort, Drug Saf, vol. 40, pp. 387-397, 2017.
Z. Chaudhry, Mannan, F., Gibson-White, A., Syed, U., Ahmed, S., Kousoulis, A., and Majeed, A., Outputs and Growth of Primary Care Databases in the United Kingdom: Bibliometric Analysis, J Innov Health Inform, vol. 24, p. 942, 2017.
S. Cheeta, Drummond, C., Oyefeso, A., Phillips, T., Deluca, P., Perryman, K., and Coulton, S., Low identification of alcohol use disorders in general practice in England, Addiction, vol. 103, pp. 766-73, 2008.
Y. Chen, Farooq, S., Edwards, J., Chew-Graham, C. A., Shiers, D., Frisher, M., Hayward, R., Sumathipala, A., and Jordan, K. P., Patterns of symptoms before a diagnosis of first episode psychosis: a latent class analysis of UK primary care electronic health records, BMC Med, vol. 17, p. 227, 2019.
Y. Chen, Hayward, R., Chew-Graham, C. A., Hubbard, R., Croft, P., Sims, K., and Jordan, K. P., Prognostic value of first-recorded breathlessness for future chronic respiratory and heart disease a cohort study using a UK national primary care database, Br J Gen Pract, 2020.
T. C. Chen, Chen, L. C., and Knaggs, R. D., A 15-year overview of increasing tramadol utilisation and associated mortality and the impact of tramadol classification in the United Kingdom, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 27, pp. 487-494, 2018.
L. Chen, Reed, C., Happich, M., Nyhuis, A., and Lenox-Smith, A., Health care resource utilisation in primary care prior to and after a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: a retrospective, matched case-control study in the United Kingdom, BMC Geriatr, vol. 14, p. 76, 2014.
Y. C. Chen, Wu, J. C., Haschler, I., Majeed, A., Chen, T. J., and Wetter, T., Academic impact of a public electronic health database: bibliometric analysis of studies using the general practice research database, PLoS One, vol. 6, p. e21404, 2011.
D. Z. I. Cherney, Repetto, E., Wheeler, D. C., Arnold, S. V., MacLachlan, S., Hunt, P. R., Chen, H., Vora, J., and Kosiborod, M., Impact of Cardio-Renal-Metabolic Comorbidities on Cardiovascular Outcomes and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Am J Nephrol, pp. 1-9, 2019.
A. Cherskov, Pohl, A., Allison, C., Zhang, H., Payne, R. A., and Baron-Cohen, S., Polycystic ovary syndrome and autism: A test of the prenatal sex steroid theory, Transl Psychiatry, vol. 8, p. 136, 2018.
P. Chevalier, Smulders, M., Chavoshi, S., Sostek, M., and LoCasale, R., A description of clinical characteristics and treatment patterns observed within prescribed opioid users in Germany and the UK, Pain Manag, vol. 4, pp. 267-76, 2014.
V. Chhaya, Saxena, S., Cecil, E., Subramanian, V., Curcin, V., Majeed, A., and Pollok, R. C., Impact of timing and duration of thiopurine treatment on first perianal surgery in Crohn's disease: UK population-based study (1995-2009), Inflamm Bowel Dis, vol. 21, pp. 385-91, 2015.
V. Chhaya, Pollok, R. C., Cecil, E., Subramanian, V., Curcin, V., Majeed, A., and Saxena, S., Impact of early thiopurines on surgery in 2770 children and young people diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease: a national population-based study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 42, pp. 990-9, 2015.
V. Chhaya, Saxena, S., Cecil, E., Chatu, S., Subramanian, V., Curcin, V., Majeed, A., and Pollok, R. C., The impact of timing and duration of thiopurine treatment on colectomy in ulcerative colitis: a national population-based study of incident cases between 1989-2009, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 41, pp. 87-98, 2015.
V. Chhaya, Saxena, S., Cecil, E., Subramanian, V., Curcin, V., Majeed, A., and Pollok, R. C., Emerging trends and risk factors for perianal surgery in Crohn's disease: a 20-year national population-based cohort study, Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol, vol. 28, pp. 890-5, 2016.
V. Chhaya, Saxena, S., Cecil, E., Subramanian, V., Curcin, V., Majeed, A., and Pollok, R. C., Steroid dependency and trends in prescribing for inflammatory bowel disease - a 20-year national population-based study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 44, pp. 482-94, 2016.
C. C. Chi, Kirtschig, G., Aberer, W., Gabbud, J. P., Lipozencic, J., Karpati, S., Haustein, U. F., Zuberbier, T., and Wojnarowska, F., Evidence-based (S3) guideline on topical corticosteroids in pregnancy, Br J Dermatol, vol. 165, pp. 943-52, 2011.
C. C. Chi, Mayon-White, R. T., and Wojnarowska, F. T., Safety of topical corticosteroids in pregnancy: a population-based cohort study, J Invest Dermatol, vol. 131, pp. 884-91, 2011.
K. Chidwick, Strongman, H., Matthews, A., Stanway, S., Lyon, A. R., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Statin use in cancer survivors versus the general population: cohort study using primary care data from the UK clinical practice research datalink, BMC Cancer, vol. 18, p. 1018, 2018.
E. Chiquette, Oral, E. A., Garg, A., Araujo-Vilar, D., and Dhankhar, P., Estimating the prevalence of generalized and partial lipodystrophy: findings and challenges, Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes, vol. 10, pp. 375-383, 2017.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]