Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,600 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 November 2020) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 3MB, 216 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 46 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
Filters: Author is Bhaskaran, K.  [Clear All Filters]
H. Carreira, Williams, R., Dempsey, H., Stanway, S., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Quality of life and mental health in breast cancer survivors compared with non-cancer controls: a study of patient-reported outcomes in the United Kingdom, J Cancer Surviv, 2020.
H. Forbes, Douglas, I., Finn, A., Breuer, J., Bhaskaran, K., Smeeth, L., Packer, S., Langan, S. M., Mansfield, K. E., Marlow, R., Whitaker, H., and Warren-Gash, C., Risk of herpes zoster after exposure to varicella to explore the exogenous boosting hypothesis: self controlled case series study using UK electronic healthcare data, Bmj, vol. 368, p. l6987, 2020.
P. Bidulka, Fu, E. L., Leyrat, C., Kalogirou, F., McAllister, K. S. L., Kingdon, E. J., Mansfield, K. E., Iwagami, M., Smeeth, L., Clase, C. M., Bhaskaran, K., van Diepen, M., Carrero, J. J., Nitsch, D., and Tomlinson, L. A., Stopping renin-angiotensin system blockers after acute kidney injury and risk of adverse outcomes: parallel population-based cohort studies in English and Swedish routine care, BMC Med, vol. 18, p. 195, 2020.
H. Strongman, Williams, R., and Bhaskaran, K., What are the implications of using individual and combined sources of routinely collected data to identify and characterise incident site-specific cancers? a concordance and validation study using linked English electronic health records data, BMJ Open, vol. 10, p. e037719, 2020.
A. Root, Brown, J. P., Forbes, H. J., Bhaskaran, K., Hayes, J., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Association of Relative Age in the School Year With Diagnosis of Intellectual Disability, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, and Depression, JAMA Pediatr, 2019.
H. Strongman, Brown, A., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Body mass index and Hodgkin's lymphoma: UK population-based cohort study of 5.8 million individuals, Br J Cancer, 2019.
E. Herrett, Gadd, S., Jackson, R., Bhaskaran, K., Williamson, E., Van Staa, T., Sofat, R., Timmis, A., and Smeeth, L., Eligibility and subsequent burden of cardiovascular disease of four strategies for blood pressure-lowering treatment: a retrospective cohort study, Lancet, 2019.
H. Carreira, Williams, R., Strongman, H., and Bhaskaran, K., Identification of mental health and quality of life outcomes in primary care databases in the UK: a systematic review, BMJ Open, vol. 9, p. e029227, 2019.
H. Strongman, Gadd, S., Matthews, A., Mansfield, K. E., Stanway, S., Lyon, A. R., dos-Santos-Silva, I., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Medium and long-term risks of specific cardiovascular diseases in survivors of 20 adult cancers: a population-based cohort study using multiple linked UK electronic health records databases, Lancet, 2019.
R. E. Farmer, Ford, D., Mathur, R., Chaturvedi, N., Kaplan, R., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Metformin use and risk of cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cohort study of primary care records using inverse probability weighting of marginal structural models, Int J Epidemiol, 2019.
H. J. Forbes, Wong, A. Y. S., Morton, C., Bhaskaran, K., Smeeth, L., Richards, M., Schmidt, S. A. J., Langan, S. M., and Warren-Gash, C., Partner Bereavement and Detection of Dementia: A UK-Based Cohort Study Using Routine Health Data, J Alzheimers Dis, 2019.
S. E. Bromley, Matthews, A., Smeeth, L., Stanway, S., and Bhaskaran, K., Risk of dementia among postmenopausal breast cancer survivors treated with aromatase inhibitors versus tamoxifen: a cohort study using primary care data from the UK, J Cancer Surviv, vol. 13, pp. 632-640, 2019.
M. Schmidt, Mansfield, K. E., Bhaskaran, K., Nitsch, D., Sorensen, H. T., Smeeth, L., and Tomlinson, L. A., Adherence to guidelines for creatinine and potassium monitoring and discontinuation following renin-angiotensin system blockade: a UK general practice-based cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e012818, 2017.
H. Carreira, Williams, R., Muller, M., Harewood, R., and Bhaskaran, K., Adverse mental health outcomes in breast cancer survivors compared to women who did not have cancer: systematic review protocol, Syst Rev, vol. 6, p. 162, 2017.
S. J. Sinnott, Mansfield, K. E., Schmidt, M., Bhaskaran, K., Smeeth, L., Nitsch, D., and Tomlinson, L. A., Biochemical monitoring after initiation of aldosterone antagonist therapy in users of renin-angiotensin system blockers: a UK primary care cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e018153, 2017.
M. Morris, Woods, L. M., Bhaskaran, K., and Rachet, B., Do pre-diagnosis primary care consultation patterns explain deprivation-specific differences in net survival among women with breast cancer? An examination of individually-linked data from the UK West Midlands cancer registry, national screening programme, BMC Cancer, vol. 17, p. 155, 2017.
E. Hansson, Forbes, H. J., Langan, S. M., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Herpes zoster risk after 21 specific cancers: population-based case-control study, Br J Cancer, vol. 116, pp. 1643-1651, 2017.
T. A. Yates, Tomlinson, L. A., Bhaskaran, K., Langan, S., Thomas, S., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Lansoprazole use and tuberculosis incidence in the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink: A population based cohort, PLoS Med, vol. 14, p. e1002457, 2017.
R. Mathur, Bhaskaran, K., Edwards, E., Lee, H., Chaturvedi, N., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I., Population trends in the 10-year incidence and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in the UK: a cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink 2004-2014, BMJ Open, vol. 7, p. e014444, 2017.
K. Wing, Bhaskaran, K., Pealing, L., Root, A., Smeeth, L., van Staa, T. P., Klungel, O. H., Reynolds, R. F., and Douglas, I., Quantification of the risk of liver injury associated with flucloxacillin: a UK population-based cohort study, J Antimicrob Chemother, vol. 72, pp. 2636-2646, 2017.
M. Schmidt, Mansfield, K. E., Bhaskaran, K., Nitsch, D., Sorensen, H. T., Smeeth, L., and Tomlinson, L. A., Serum creatinine elevation after renin-angiotensin system blockade and long term cardiorenal risks: cohort study, Bmj, vol. 356, p. j791, 2017.
A. A. Root, Wong, A. Y., Ghebremichael-Weldeselassie, Y., Smeeth, L., Bhaskaran, K., Evans, S. J., Brauer, R., Wong, I. C., Navaratnam, V., and Douglas, I., Evaluation of the risk of cardiovascular events with clarithromycin using both propensity score and self-controlled study designs, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 82, pp. 512-21, 2016.
A. Matthews, Herrett, E., Gasparrini, A., Van Staa, T., Goldacre, B., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Impact of statin related media coverage on use of statins: interrupted time series analysis with UK primary care data, Bmj, vol. 353, p. i3283, 2016.
K. Wing, Bhaskaran, K., Smeeth, L., van Staa, T. P., Klungel, O. H., Reynolds, R. F., and Douglas, I., Optimising case detection within UK electronic health records: use of multiple linked databases for detecting liver injury, BMJ Open, vol. 6, p. e012102, 2016.
A. Matthews, Langan, S. M., Douglas, I. J., Smeeth, L., and Bhaskaran, K., Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors and Risk of Malignant Melanoma: Matched Cohort Study Using Primary Care Data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, PLoS Med, vol. 13, p. e1002037, 2016.
K. E. Mansfield, Nitsch, D., Smeeth, L., Bhaskaran, K., and Tomlinson, L. A., Prescription of renin-angiotensin system blockers and risk of acute kidney injury: a population-based cohort study, BMJ Open, vol. 6, p. e012690, 2016.
H. J. Forbes, Bhaskaran, K., Thomas, S. L., Smeeth, L., Clayton, T., Mansfield, K., Minassian, C., and Langan, S. M., Quantification of risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in herpes zoster patients: A cohort study, Neurology, vol. 87, pp. 94-102, 2016.
K. L. Goh, Bhaskaran, K., Minassian, C., Evans, S. J., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I. J., Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of dementia: cohort study in UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 79, pp. 337-50, 2015.
I. J. Douglas, Bhaskaran, K., Batterham, R. L., and Smeeth, L., Bariatric Surgery in the United Kingdom: A Cohort Study of Weight Loss and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Clinical Care, PLoS Med, vol. 12, p. e1001925, 2015.
E. Herrett, Gallagher, A. M., Bhaskaran, K., Forbes, H., Mathur, R., Van Staa, T., and Smeeth, L., Data Resource Profile: Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), Int J Epidemiol, vol. 44, pp. 827-36, 2015.
J. F. Hayes, Bhaskaran, K., Batterham, R., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I., The effect of sibutramine prescribing in routine clinical practice on cardiovascular outcomes: a cohort study in the United Kingdom, Int J Obes (Lond), vol. 39, pp. 1359-64, 2015.
I. J. Douglas, Bhaskaran, K., Batterham, R. L., and Smeeth, L., The effectiveness of pharmaceutical interventions for obesity: weight loss with orlistat and sibutramine in a United Kingdom population-based cohort, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 79, pp. 1020-7, 2015.
R. Brauer, Bhaskaran, K., Chaturvedi, N., Dexter, D. T., Smeeth, L., and Douglas, I., Glitazone Treatment and Incidence of Parkinson's Disease among People with Diabetes: A Retrospective Cohort Study, PLoS Med, vol. 12, p. e1001854, 2015.
[Page last reviewed 6 November 2020]