Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



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Author Title Type [ Year(Desc)]
Filters: First Letter Of Title is C  [Clear All Filters]
H. Jick, Calcium-channel blockers and risk of cancer, Lancet, vol. 349, pp. 1699-700, 1997.
S. Jick, Ciprofloxacin safety in a pediatric population, Pediatr Infect Dis J, vol. 16, pp. 130-3; discussion 133-4, 160-2, 1997.
L. Smeeth, Cook, C., Chakravarthy, U., Hubbard, R., and Fletcher, A. E., A case control study of age related macular degeneration and use of statins, Br J Ophthalmol, vol. 89, pp. 1171-5, 2005.
C. O. Sullivan, Omar, R. Z., Ambler, G., and Majeed, A., Case-mix and variation in specialist referrals in general practice, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 55, pp. 529-33, 2005.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Cesarean delivery in the United Kingdom: time trends in the general practice research database, Obstet Gynecol, vol. 106, pp. 151-5, 2005.
C. J. Edwards, Arden, N. K., Fisher, D., Saperia, J. C., Reading, I., van Staa, T. P., and Cooper, C., The changing use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis from the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database, Rheumatology (Oxford), vol. 44, pp. 1394-8, 2005.
T. Shao and Yang, Y. X., Cholecystectomy and the risk of colorectal cancer, Am J Gastroenterol, vol. 100, pp. 1813-20, 2005.
M. A. Hernan, Jick, S. S., Logroscino, G., Olek, M. J., Ascherio, A., and Jick, H., Cigarette smoking and the progression of multiple sclerosis, Brain, vol. 128, pp. 1461-5, 2005.
D. M. Fleming, Ross, A. M., Cross, K. W., Kendall, H., and Elliot, A. J., Concerning: 'Why has antibiotic prescribing for respiratory illness declined in primary care? A longitudinal study using the General Practice Research Database', J Public Health (Oxf), vol. 27, pp. 228-9; author reply 229-31, 2005.
L. M. Fischer, Schlienger, R. G., Matter, C. M., Jick, H., and Meier, C. R., Current use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and the risk of acute myocardial infarction, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 25, pp. 503-10, 2005.
S. Hernandez-Diaz and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Cardioprotective aspirin users and their excess risk of upper gastrointestinal complications, BMC Med, vol. 4, p. 22, 2006.
A. Ruigomez, Rodriguez, L. A., Wallander, M. A., Johansson, S., and Jones, R., Chest pain in general practice: incidence, comorbidity and mortality, Fam Pract, vol. 23, pp. 167-74, 2006.
J. M. Burnham, Shults, J., Weinstein, R., Lewis, J. D., and Leonard, M. B., Childhood onset arthritis is associated with an increased risk of fracture: a population based study using the General Practice Research Database, Ann Rheum Dis, vol. 65, pp. 1074-9, 2006.
T. P. van Staa, Geusens, P., Bijlsma, J. W., Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Clinical assessment of the long-term risk of fracture in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Arthritis Rheum, vol. 54, pp. 3104-12, 2006.
A. Ruigomez, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Wallander, M. A., Johansson, S., and Dent, J., Comparison of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and heartburn diagnoses in UK primary care, Curr Med Res Opin, vol. 22, pp. 1661-8, 2006.
I. Williamson, Benge, S., Mullee, M., and Little, P., Consultations for middle ear disease, antibiotic prescribing and risk factors for reattendance: a case-linked cohort study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 56, pp. 170-5, 2006.
F. Andersohn, Schade, R., Suissa, S., and Garbe, E., Cyclooxygenase-2 selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the risk of ischemic stroke: a nested case-control study, Stroke, vol. 37, pp. 1725-30, 2006.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]