Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,800 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 July 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 4MB, 236 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 2833 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
I. A. Eland, Alvarez, C. H., Stricker, B. H., and Rodriguez, L. A., The risk of acute pancreatitis associated with acid-suppressing drugs, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 49, pp. 473-8, 2000.
L. Derby and Maier, W. C., Risk of cataract among users of intranasal corticosteroids, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol. 105, pp. 912-6, 2000.
S. S. Jick, The risk of gastrointestinal bleed, myocardial infarction, and newly diagnosed hypertension in users of meloxicam, diclofenac, naproxen, and piroxicam, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 20, pp. 741-4, 2000.
C. Gasse, Derby, L. E., Vasilakis, C., and Jick, H., Risk of suicide among users of calcium channel blockers: population based, nested case-control study, Bmj, vol. 320, p. 1251, 2000.
H. Jick, Kaye, J. A., Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., and Jick, S. S., Risk of venous thromboembolism among users of third generation oral contraceptives compared with users of oral contraceptives with levonorgestrel before and after 1995: cohort and case-control analysis, Bmj, vol. 321, pp. 1190-5, 2000.
H. Jick, Zornberg, G. L., Jick, S. S., Seshadri, S., and Drachman, D. A., Statins and the risk of dementia, Lancet, vol. 356, pp. 1627-31, 2000.
R. Lawrenson, Wyndaele, J. J., Vlachonikolis, I., Farmer, C., and Glickman, S., A UK general practice database study of prevalence and mortality of people with neural tube defects, Clin Rehabil, vol. 14, pp. 627-30, 2000.
T. P. van Staa, Abenhaim, L., Cooper, C., Zhang, B., and Leufkens, H. G., The use of a large pharmacoepidemiological database to study exposure to oral corticosteroids and risk of fractures: validation of study population and results, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 9, pp. 359-66, 2000.
T. P. van Staa, Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of fractures, Bone, vol. 27, pp. 563-8, 2000.
T. P. van Staa, Leufkens, H. G., Abenhaim, L., Zhang, B., and Cooper, C., Use of oral corticosteroids and risk of fractures, J Bone Miner Res, vol. 15, pp. 993-1000, 2000.
T. P. van Staa, Leufkens, H. G., Abenhaim, L., Begaud, B., Zhang, B., and Cooper, C., Use of oral corticosteroids in the United Kingdom, Qjm, vol. 93, pp. 105-11, 2000.
R. Lawrenson, Todd, J. C., Leydon, G. M., Williams, T. J., and Farmer, R. D., Validation of the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism in general practice database studies, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 49, pp. 591-6, 2000.
R. Lawrenson and Farmer, R., Venous thromboembolism and combined oral contraceptives: does the type of progestogen make a difference?, Contraception, vol. 62, p. 21S-28S; discussion 37S-38S, 2000.
A. Majeed and Moser, K., Age- and sex-specific antibiotic prescribing patterns in general practice in England and Wales in 1996, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 49, pp. 735-6, 1999.
C. R. Meier, Derby, L. E., Jick, S. S., Vasilakis, C., and Jick, H., Antibiotics and risk of subsequent first-time acute myocardial infarction, Jama, vol. 281, pp. 427-31, 1999.
F. J. de Abajo, Rodriguez, L. A., and Montero, D., Association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and upper gastrointestinal bleeding: population based case-control study, Bmj, vol. 319, pp. 1106-9, 1999.
S. Hajat, Haines, A., Goubet, S. A., Atkinson, R. W., and Anderson, H. R., Association of air pollution with daily GP consultations for asthma and other lower respiratory conditions in London, Thorax, vol. 54, pp. 597-605, 1999.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez, Duque, A., Castellsague, J., Perez-Gutthann, S., and Stricker, B. H., A cohort study on the risk of acute liver injury among users of ketoconazole and other antifungal drugs, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 48, pp. 847-52, 1999.
P. Dolan, Torgerson, D. J., and Wolstenholme, J., Costs of breast cancer treatment in the United Kingdom, Breast, vol. 8, pp. 205-7, 1999.
S. S. Jick, Stender, M., and Myers, M. W., Frequency of liver disease in type 2 diabetic patients treated with oral antidiabetic agents, Diabetes Care, vol. 22, pp. 2067-71, 1999.
M. Carter, Moser, K., and Kelly, S., Health of older people: disease prevalence, prescription and referral rates, England and Wales 1996, Health Statistics Quarterly, vol. 4, pp. 9-15, 1999.
M. Lawrence, Jones, L., Lancaster, T., Daly, E., and Banks, E., Hormone replacement therapy: patterns of use studied through British general practice computerized records, Fam Pract, vol. 16, pp. 335-42, 1999.
L. A. Rodriguez and Ruigomez, A., Increased risk of irritable bowel syndrome after bacterial gastroenteritis: cohort study, Bmj, vol. 318, pp. 565-6, 1999.
S. Perez-Gutthann, Garcia-Rodriguez, L. A., Duque-Oliart, A., and Varas-Lorenzo, C., Low-dose diclofenac, naproxen, and ibuprofen cohort study, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 19, pp. 854-9, 1999.
M. C. Sturkenboom, Meier, C. R., Jick, H., and Stricker, B. H., Minocycline and lupuslike syndrome in acne patients, Arch Intern Med, vol. 159, pp. 493-7, 1999.
A. Ruigomez, Wallander, M. A., Johansson, S., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, One-year follow-up of newly diagnosed irritable bowel syndrome patients, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 13, pp. 1097-102, 1999.
R. D. Farmer, Lawrenson, R. A., Todd, J. C., Williams, T. J., and MacRae, K., Oral contraceptives and venous thromboembolic disease. Analyses of the UK General Practice Research Database and the UK Mediplus database, Hum Reprod Update, vol. 5, pp. 688-706, 1999.
J. Edington, Winter, P. D., Coles, S. J., Gale, C. R., and Martyn, C. N., Outcomes of undernutrition in patients in the community with cancer or cardiovascular disease, Proc Nutr Soc, vol. 58, pp. 655-61, 1999.
A. Majeed and Moser, K., Prescribing for patients with asthma by general practitioners in England and Wales 1994-1996, Health Statistics Quarterly, vol. 4, pp. 5-8, 1999.
S. S. Jick, Myers, M. W., and Jick, H., Risk of idiopathic cerebral haemorrhage in women on oral contraceptives with differing progestagen components, Lancet, vol. 354, pp. 302-3, 1999.
C. Vasilakis, Jick, H., and M. Melero-Montes, delMar, Risk of idiopathic venous thromboembolism in users of progestagens alone, Lancet, vol. 354, pp. 1610-1, 1999.
C. Vasilakis, Jick, S. S., and Jick, H., The risk of venous thromboembolism in users of postcoital contraceptive pills, Contraception, vol. 59, pp. 79-83, 1999.
F. J. de Abajo and Rodriguez, L. A., Risk of ventricular arrhythmias associated with nonsedating antihistamine drugs, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 47, pp. 307-13, 1999.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez and Ruigomez, A., Secondary prevention of upper gastrointestinal bleeding associated with maintenance acid-suppressing treatment in patients with peptic ulcer bleed, Epidemiology, vol. 10, pp. 228-32, 1999.
M. Frischer, Heatlie, H., Chapman, S., Norwood, J., Bashford, J., and Millson, D., Should the corticosteroid to bronchodilator ratio be promoted as a quality prescribing marker?, Public Health, vol. 113, pp. 247-50, 1999.
M. Frisher, Heatlie, H., Chapman, S., Bashford, J., and Norwood, J., Switching between metered dose inhalers (MDIs) and dry powder inhalers (DPIs) in airways disease: An analysis of agespecific rates using the general practice research database., Journal of Applied Therapeutic Research, vol. 2, pp. 253-259, 1999.
A. Ruigomez, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Cattaruzzi, C., Troncon, M. G., Agostinis, L., Wallander, M. A., and Johansson, S., Use of cimetidine, omeprazole, and ranitidine in pregnant women and pregnancy outcomes, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 150, pp. 476-81, 1999.
L. E. Derby, Myers, M. W., and Jick, H., Use of dexfenfluramine, fenfluramine and phentermine and the risk of stroke, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 47, pp. 565-9, 1999.
A. Hansell, Hollowell, J., Nichols, T., McNiece, R., and Strachan, D., Use of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) for respiratory epidemiology: a comparison with the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4), Thorax, vol. 54, pp. 413-9, 1999.
C. R. Meier, Jick, S. S., Derby, L. E., Vasilakis, C., and Jick, H., Acute respiratory-tract infections and risk of first-time acute myocardial infarction, Lancet, vol. 351, pp. 1467-71, 1998.
H. Wallace, Shorvon, S., and Tallis, R., Age-specific incidence and prevalence rates of treated epilepsy in an unselected population of 2,052,922 and age-specific fertility rates of women with epilepsy, Lancet, vol. 352, pp. 1970-3, 1998.
R. Hubbard, Venn, A., Lewis, S., and Britton, J., Anitdepressant exposure and risk of Cryptogenic Fibrosing Alveolitis (CFA): A case-control study using the General Practice Research Database (GPRD), vol. 53, p. A11, 1998.
S. C. Blackburn, Oliart, A. D., Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, and S. Gutthann, P., Antiepileptics and blood dyscrasias: a cohort study, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 18, pp. 1277-83, 1998.
L. E. Derby and Jick, H., Appendectomy protects against ulcerative colitis, Epidemiology, vol. 9, pp. 205-7, 1998.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez, Ruigomez, A., Hasselgren, G., Wallander, M. A., and Johansson, S., Comparison of mortality from peptic ulcer bleed between patients with or without peptic ulcer antecedents, Epidemiology, vol. 9, pp. 452-6, 1998.
P. Dolan and Torgerson, D. J., The cost of treating osteoporotic fractures in the United Kingdom female population, Osteoporos Int, vol. 8, pp. 611-7, 1998.
C. N. Martyn, Winter, P. D., Coles, S. J., and Edington, J., Effect of nutritional status on use of health care resources by patients with chronic disease living in the community, Clin Nutr, vol. 17, pp. 119-23, 1998.
R. Hubbard, Venn, A., Smith, C., Cooper, M., Johnston, I., and Britton, J., Exposure to commonly prescribed drugs and the etiology of cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis: a case-control study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 157, pp. 743-7, 1998.
C. Irish, Alli, M., Gilham, C., Joseph, C., and Watson, J., Influenza vaccine uptake and distribution in England and Wales, July 1989-June 1997, Health Trends, vol. 30, 1998.
M. Thorogood, Armstrong, B., Nichols, T., and Hollowell, J., Mortality in people taking selegiline: observational study, Bmj, vol. 317, pp. 252-4, 1998.
[Page last reviewed 5 July 2021]