Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,700 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 6 April 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 5MB, 226 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 2770 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
J. A. Kaye, Myers, M. W., and Jick, H., Acetaminophen and the risk of renal and bladder cancer in the general practice research database, Epidemiology, vol. 12, pp. 690-4, 2001.
R. A. Lawrenson and Logie, J. W., Antibiotic failure in the treatment of urinary tract infections in young women, J Antimicrob Chemother, vol. 48, pp. 895-901, 2001.
S. Hajat, Haines, A., Atkinson, R. W., Bremner, S. A., Anderson, H. R., and Emberlin, J., Association between air pollution and daily consultations with general practitioners for allergic rhinitis in London, United Kingdom, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 153, pp. 704-14, 2001.
L. Smeeth, Hall, A. J., Fombonne, E., Rodrigues, L. C., Huang, X., and Smith, P. G., A case-control study of autism and mumps-measles-rubella vaccination using the general practice research database: design and methodology, BMC Public Health, vol. 1, p. 2, 2001.
M. J. van Bommel, Numans, M. E., de Wit, N. J., and Stalman, W. A., Consultations and referrals for dyspepsia in general practice–a one year database survey, Postgrad Med J, vol. 77, pp. 514-8, 2001.
R. G. Gibbs, Newson, R., Lawrenson, R., Greenhalgh, R. M., and Davies, A. H., Diagnosis and initial management of stroke and transient ischemic attack across UK health regions from 1992 to 1996: experience of a national primary care database, Stroke, vol. 32, pp. 1085-90, 2001.
N. Andrews, Miller, E., Waight, P., Farrington, P., Crowcroft, N., Stowe, J., and Taylor, B., Does oral polio vaccine cause intussusception in infants? Evidence from a sequence of three self-controlled cases series studies in the United Kingdom, Eur J Epidemiol, vol. 17, pp. 701-6, 2001.
S. Hernandez-Diaz and Garcia-Rodriguez, L. A., Epidemiologic assessment of the safety of conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Am J Med, vol. 110 Suppl 3A, p. 20s-7s, 2001.
T. P. van Staa, Dennison, E. M., Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Epidemiology of fractures in England and Wales, Bone, vol. 29, pp. 517-22, 2001.
A. McGuire, Irwin, D. E., Fenn, P., Gray, A., Anderson, P., Lovering, A., and MacGowan, A., The excess cost of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in patients aged 45 and older in England and Wales, Value Health, vol. 4, pp. 370-5, 2001.
A. Ruigomez, Johansson, S., Wallander, M. A., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Gender and drug treatment as determinants of mortality in a cohort of heart failure patients, Eur J Epidemiol, vol. 17, pp. 329-35, 2001.
S. Johansson, Wallander, M. A., Ruigomez, A., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Incidence of newly diagnosed heart failure in UK general practice, Eur J Heart Fail, vol. 3, pp. 225-31, 2001.
C. Huerta and Rodriguez, L. A., Incidence of ocular melanoma in the general population and in glaucoma patients, J Epidemiol Community Health, vol. 55, pp. 338-9, 2001.
K. Moser, Inequalities in treated heart disease and mental illness in England and Wales, 1994-1998, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 51, pp. 438-44, 2001.
L. M. Higuchi, Joffe, S., Neufeld, E. J., Weisdorf, S., Rosh, J., Murch, S., Devenyi, A., Thompson, J. F., Lewis, J. D., and Bousvaros, A., Inflammatory bowel disease associated with immune thrombocytopenic purpura in children, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, vol. 33, pp. 582-7, 2001.
J. D. Lewis, Bilker, W. B., Brensinger, C., Deren, J. J., Vaughn, D. J., and Strom, B. L., Inflammatory bowel disease is not associated with an increased risk of lymphoma, Gastroenterology, vol. 121, pp. 1080-7, 2001.
D. Gaist, Rodriguez, L. A., Huerta, C., Hallas, J., and Sindrup, S. H., Lipid-lowering drugs and risk of myopathy: a population-based follow-up study, Epidemiology, vol. 12, pp. 565-9, 2001.
H. Jick, Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., and Jick, S. S., Live attenuated polio vaccine and the risk of intussusception, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 52, pp. 451-3, 2001.
C. R. Chapple, Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction–Triumph: design and implementation, Eur Urol, vol. 39 Suppl 3, pp. 31-6, 2001.
J. W. Logie, Clifford, G. M., Farmer, R. D., and Meesen, B. P., Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction–Triumph: the role of general practice databases, Eur Urol, vol. 39 Suppl 3, pp. 42-7, 2001.
J. A. Kaye, M. Melero-Montes, delMar, and Jick, H., Mumps, measles, and rubella vaccine and the incidence of autism recorded by general practitioners: a time trend analysis, Bmj, vol. 322, pp. 460-3, 2001.
S. Rowlands, Devalia, H., Smith, C., Hubbard, R., and Dean, A., Otitis externa in UK general practice: a survey using the UK General Practice Research Database, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 51, pp. 533-8, 2001.
C. R. Gale, Edington, J., Coles, S. J., and Martyn, C. N., Patterns of prescribing of nutritional supplements in the United Kingdom, Clin Nutr, vol. 20, pp. 333-7, 2001.
S. Seshadri, Zornberg, G. L., Derby, L. E., Myers, M. W., Jick, H., and Drachman, D. A., Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy and the risk of Alzheimer disease, Arch Neurol, vol. 58, pp. 435-40, 2001.
S. Rowlands, Devalia, H., and Lawrenson, R., Preferential prescribing of type of combined oral contraceptive pill by general practitioners to teenagers with acne, Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care, vol. 6, pp. 9-13, 2001.
C. Ellis, Gnani, S., and Majeed, A., Prevalence and management of heart failure in general practice in England and Wales, 1994-98, Health Stat Q., pp. 17-24, 2001.
A. MFG, Prevalence of comorbid mental illness and drug use recorded in general practice: preliminary findings from the general practice research database, Drugs: education, prevention and policy, vol. 8, pp. 275-80, 2001.
R. Ryan and Majeed, A., Prevalence of ischaemic heart disease and its management with statins and aspirin in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 and 1998, Health Statistics Quartely, vol. 12, pp. 34-39, 2001.
T. P. van Staa, Abenhaim, L., Cooper, C., Zhang, B., and Leufkens, H. G., Public health impact of adverse bone effects of oral corticosteroids, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 51, pp. 601-7, 2001.
L. A. Garcia-Rodriguez and Huerta-Alvarez, C., Reduced risk of colorectal cancer among long-term users of aspirin and nonaspirin nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, Epidemiology, vol. 12, pp. 88-93, 2001.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez and Hernandez-Diaz, S., Relative risk of upper gastrointestinal complications among users of acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Epidemiology, vol. 12, pp. 570-6, 2001.
R. Lawrenson, Wyndaele, J. J., Vlachonikolis, I., Farmer, C., and Glickman, S., Renal failure in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, Neuroepidemiology, vol. 20, pp. 138-43, 2001.
S. S. Jick, Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., and Maier, W. C., The risk of cataract among users of inhaled steroids, Epidemiology, vol. 12, pp. 229-34, 2001.
R. G. Schlienger, Haefeli, W. E., Jick, H., and Meier, C. R., Risk of cataract in patients treated with statins, Arch Intern Med, vol. 161, pp. 2021-6, 2001.
H. E. Seaman, Lawrenson, R. A., Williams, T. J., MacRae, K. D., and Farmer, R. D., The risk of liver damage associated with minocycline: a comparative study, J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 41, pp. 852-60, 2001.
C. Huerta, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Moller, C. S., and Arellano, F. M., The risk of obstructive airways disease in a glaucoma population, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 10, pp. 157-63, 2001.
F. J. de Abajo and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation associated with low-dose aspirin as plain and enteric-coated formulations, BMC Clin Pharmacol, vol. 1, p. 1, 2001.
L. A. Garcia Rodriguez and Hernandez-Diaz, S., The risk of upper gastrointestinal complications associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, acetaminophen, and combinations of these agents, Arthritis Res, vol. 3, pp. 98-101, 2001.
C. Vasilakis-Scaramozza and Jick, H., Risk of venous thromboembolism with cyproterone or levonorgestrel contraceptives, Lancet, vol. 358, pp. 1427-9, 2001.
T. M. McKeever, Lewis, S. A., Smith, C., Collins, J., Heatlie, H., Frischer, M., and Hubbard, R., Siblings, multiple births, and the incidence of allergic disease: a birth cohort study using the West Midlands general practice research database, Thorax, vol. 56, pp. 758-62, 2001.
S. Hernandez-Diaz and Rodriguez, L. A., Steroids and risk of upper gastrointestinal complications, Am J Epidemiol, vol. 153, pp. 1089-93, 2001.
C. Hodgson and Ellis, C., Time trends in GP outpatient referrals., Health Statistics Quartely, vol. 10, pp. 14-9, 2001.
M. Frischer, Heatlie, H., Norwood, J., Bashford, J., Millson, D., and Chapman, S., Trends in antibiotic prescribing and associated indications in primary care from 1993 to 1997, J Public Health Med, vol. 23, pp. 69-73, 2001.
A. Majeed, Moser, K., and Carroll, K., Trends in the prevalence and management of atrial fibrillation in general practice in England and Wales, 1994-1998: analysis of data from the general practice research database, Heart, vol. 86, pp. 284-8, 2001.
T. P. van Staa, Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Use of inhaled corticosteroids and risk of fractures, J Bone Miner Res, vol. 16, pp. 581-8, 2001.
C. R. Meier, Schlienger, R. G., and Jick, H., Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and risk of developing first-time acute myocardial infarction, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 52, pp. 179-84, 2001.
T. P. van Staa, Wegman, S., de Vries, F., Leufkens, B., and Cooper, C., Use of statins and risk of fractures, Jama, vol. 285, pp. 1850-5, 2001.
S. Rowlands, Devalia, H., and Lawrenson, R., Use of the combined oral contraceptive pill by under 16s, J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care, vol. 27, pp. 17-9, 2001.
[Page last reviewed 6 April 2021]