Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,800 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 5 July 2021) and papers are listed below and in the PDF below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


 (PDF, 4MB, 236 pages) 

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website



Export 2833 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
H. E. Seaman, de Vries, C. S., and Farmer, R. D., The risk of venous thromboembolism in women prescribed cyproterone acetate in combination with ethinyl estradiol: a nested cohort analysis and case-control study, Hum Reprod, vol. 18, pp. 522-6, 2003.
M. B. Toledano, Hansell, A. L., Jarup, L., Quinn, M., Jick, S., and Elliott, P., Temporal trends in orchidopexy, Great Britain, 1992-1998, Environ Health Perspect, vol. 111, pp. 129-32, 2003.
P. C. Souverein, van Staa, T. P., Egberts, A. C., De la Rosette, J. J., Cooper, C., and Leufkens, H. G., Use of alpha-blockers and the risk of hip/femur fractures, J Intern Med, vol. 254, pp. 548-54, 2003.
T. P. van Staa, Cooper, C., Leufkens, H. G., Lammers, J. W., and Suissa, S., The use of inhaled corticosteroids in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, Respir Med, vol. 97, pp. 578-85, 2003.
C. Huerta, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Wallander, M. A., and Johansson, S., Users of oral steroids are at a reduced risk of developing irritable bowel syndrome, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 12, pp. 583-8, 2003.
S. S. Jick, Kaye, J. A., Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Ruigomez, A., Meier, C. R., Schlienger, R. G., Black, C., and Jick, H., Validity of the general practice research database, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 23, pp. 686-9, 2003.
C. C. Yang, Jick, S. S., and Testa, M. A., Who receives lipid-lowering drugs: the effects of comorbidities and patient characteristics on treatment initiation, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 55, pp. 288-98, 2003.
R. McCarney, Fisher, P., and van Haselen, R., Accruing large numbers of patients in primary care trials by retrospective recruitment methods, Complement Ther Med, vol. 10, pp. 63-8, 2002.
T. Wrigley, Tinto, A., and Majeed, A., Age and sex specific antibiotic prescribing patterns in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998., Health Stat Q, vol. 14, pp. 14-20, 2002.
S. D. Shorvon, Tallis, R. C., and Wallace, H. K., Antiepileptic drugs: coprescription of proconvulsant drugs and oral contraceptives: a national study of antiepileptic drug prescribing practice, J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, vol. 72, pp. 114-5, 2002.
C. E. Koro, Fedder, D. O., L'Italien, G. J., Weiss, S. S., Magder, L. S., Kreyenbuhl, J., Revicki, D. A., and Buchanan, R. W., Assessment of independent effect of olanzapine and risperidone on risk of diabetes among patients with schizophrenia: population based nested case-control study, Bmj, vol. 325, p. 243, 2002.
C. E. Koro, Fedder, D. O., L'Italien, G. J., Weiss, S., Magder, L. S., Kreyenbuhl, J., Revicki, D., and Buchanan, R. W., An assessment of the independent effects of olanzapine and risperidone exposure on the risk of hyperlipidemia in schizophrenic patients, Arch Gen Psychiatry, vol. 59, pp. 1021-6, 2002.
C. R. Meier, Schmitz, S., and Jick, H., Association between acetaminophen or nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and risk of developing ovarian, breast, or colon cancer, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 303-9, 2002.
C. R. Meier, Krahenbuhl, S., Schlienger, R. G., and Jick, H., Association between body mass index and liver disorders: an epidemiological study, J Hepatol, vol. 37, pp. 741-7, 2002.
G. Davey, Sedgwick, P., Maier, W., Visick, G., Strachan, D. P., and Anderson, H. R., Association between migraine and asthma: matched case-control study, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 52, pp. 723-7, 2002.
S. Hajat and Haines, A., Associations of cold temperatures with GP consultations for respiratory and cardiovascular disease amongst the elderly in London, Int J Epidemiol, vol. 31, pp. 825-30, 2002.
A. Macfarlane, Hockley, C., McCandlish, R., and McNiece, R., Can the General Practice Research Database be used to monitor the health of babies and their mothers?, Health Stat Q, pp. 5-15, 2002.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Clinical risk factors for venous thromboembolus in users of the combined oral contraceptive pill, Br J Clin Pharmacol, vol. 53, pp. 637-40, 2002.
C. B. Forrest, Majeed, A., Weiner, J. P., Carroll, K., and Bindman, A. B., Comparison of specialty referral rates in the United Kingdom and the United States: retrospective cohort analysis, Bmj, vol. 325, pp. 370-1, 2002.
S. Rowlands and Moser, K., Consultation rates from the general practice research database, Br J Gen Pract, vol. 52, pp. 658-60, 2002.
A. Gaitatzis, Purcell, B., Carroll, K., Sander, J. W., and Majeed, A., Differences in the use of health services among people with and without epilepsy in the United Kingdom: socio-economic and disease-specific determinants, Epilepsy Res, vol. 50, pp. 233-41, 2002.
T. P. van Staa, Leufkens, H. G., and Cooper, C., Does a fracture at one site predict later fractures at other sites? A British cohort study, Osteoporos Int, vol. 13, pp. 624-9, 2002.
G. M. Clifford and Farmer, R. D., Drug or symptom-induced depression in men treated with alpha 1-blockers for benign prostatic hyperplasia? A nested case-control study, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 11, pp. 55-61, 2002.
T. M. McKeever, Lewis, S. A., Smith, C., Collins, J., Heatlie, H., Frischer, M., and Hubbard, R., Early exposure to infections and antibiotics and the incidence of allergic disease: a birth cohort study with the West Midlands General Practice Research Database, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol. 109, pp. 43-50, 2002.
S. Hajat, Anderson, H. R., Atkinson, R. W., and Haines, A., Effects of air pollution on general practitioner consultations for upper respiratory diseases in London, Occup Environ Med, vol. 59, pp. 294-9, 2002.
S. Rowlands, Hooper, R., Hughes, R., and Burney, P., The epidemiology and treatment of Bell's palsy in the UK, Eur J Neurol, vol. 9, pp. 63-7, 2002.
B. Purcell, Gaitatzis, A., Sander, J. W., and Majeed, A., Epilepsy prevalence and prescribing patterns in England and Wales., Health Stat Q, vol. 15, pp. 23-30, 2002.
C. Black and Jick, H., Etiology and frequency of rhabdomyolysis, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 1524-6, 2002.
L. M. Howard, Kumar, C., Leese, M., and Thornicroft, G., The general fertility rate in women with psychotic disorders, Am J Psychiatry, vol. 159, pp. 991-7, 2002.
A. Kennerfalk, Ruigomez, A., Wallander, M. A., Wilhelmsen, L., and Johansson, S., Geriatric drug therapy and healthcare utilization in the United kingdom, Ann Pharmacother, vol. 36, pp. 797-803, 2002.
D. J. Margolis, Knauss, J., and Bilker, W., Hormone replacement therapy and prevention of pressure ulcers and venous leg ulcers, Lancet, vol. 359, pp. 675-7, 2002.
R. Hubbard and Venn, A., The impact of coexisting connective tissue disease on survival in patients with fibrosing alveolitis, Rheumatology (Oxford), vol. 41, pp. 676-9, 2002.
T. M. McKeever, Lewis, S. A., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., The importance of prenatal exposures on the development of allergic disease: a birth cohort study using the West Midlands General Practice Database, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 166, pp. 827-32, 2002.
T. P. van Staa, Selby, P., Leufkens, H. G., Lyles, K., Sprafka, J. M., and Cooper, C., Incidence and natural history of Paget's disease of bone in England and Wales, J Bone Miner Res, vol. 17, pp. 465-71, 2002.
D. J. Margolis, Bilker, W., Knauss, J., Baumgarten, M., and Strom, B. L., The incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers among elderly patients in general medical practice, Ann Epidemiol, vol. 12, pp. 321-5, 2002.
A. Ruigomez, Johansson, S., Wallander, M. A., and Rodriguez, L. A., Incidence of chronic atrial fibrillation in general practice and its treatment pattern, J Clin Epidemiol, vol. 55, pp. 358-63, 2002.
C. J. Kornegay, Vasilakis-Scaramozza, C., and Jick, H., Incident diabetes associated with antipsychotic use in the United Kingdom general practice research database, J Clin Psychiatry, vol. 63, pp. 758-62, 2002.
R. B. Hubbard, Smith, C. J., Smeeth, L., Harrison, T. W., and Tattersfield, A. E., Inhaled corticosteroids and hip fracture: a population-based case-control study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med, vol. 166, pp. 1563-6, 2002.
B. D. Bradbury and Jick, S. S., Itraconazole and fluconazole and certain rare, serious adverse events, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 697-700, 2002.
M. C. Sheppard, Holder, R., and Franklyn, J. A., Levothyroxine treatment and occurrence of fracture of the hip, Arch Intern Med, vol. 162, pp. 338-43, 2002.
D. J. Watson, Rhodes, T., Cai, B., and Guess, H. A., Lower risk of thromboembolic cardiovascular events with naproxen among patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Arch Intern Med, vol. 162, pp. 1105-10, 2002.
T. M. McKeever, Lewis, S. A., Smith, C., and Hubbard, R., Mode of delivery and risk of developing allergic disease, J Allergy Clin Immunol, vol. 109, pp. 800-2, 2002.
J. Y. Kang, Tinto, A., Higham, J., and Majeed, A., Peptic ulceration in general practice in England and Wales 1994-98: period prevalence and drug management, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 16, pp. 1067-74, 2002.
R. M. Martin, Hemingway, H., Gunnell, D., Karsch, K. R., Baumbach, A., and Frankel, S., Population need for coronary revascularisation: are national targets for England credible?, Heart, vol. 88, pp. 627-33, 2002.
K. M. Wyatt, Dimmock, P. W., Frischer, M., Jones, P. W., and O'Brien, S. P., Prescribing patterns in premenstrual syndrome, BMC Womens Health, vol. 2, p. 4, 2002.
A. Newnham, Ryan, R., Khunti, K., and Majeed, A., Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes mellitus in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998, Health Stat Q, pp. 5-13, 2002.
R. Ryan and Majeed, A., Prevalence of treated hypertension in general practice in England and Wales, 1994 to 1998., Health Stat Q, pp. 14-8, 2002.
C. Black, Kaye, J. A., and Jick, H., Relation of childhood gastrointestinal disorders to autism: nested case-control study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database, Bmj, vol. 325, pp. 419-21, 2002.
S. F. Lanes, Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, and Huerta, C., Respiratory medications and risk of asthma death, Thorax, vol. 57, pp. 683-6, 2002.
C. Huerta, Zhao, S. Z., and Rodriguez, L. A. Garcia, Risk of acute liver injury in patients with diabetes, Pharmacotherapy, vol. 22, pp. 1091-6, 2002.
[Page last reviewed 5 July 2021]