Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 2,000 peer-reviewed publications.

The CPRD bibliography is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 4 February 2019) and papers are listed below.

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at so that we can update the bibliography.


Export 2168 results:
Author Title Type [ Year(Asc)]
S. Weir, Kuo, T. C., Samnaliev, M., Tierney, T. S., Manca, A., Taylor, R. S., Bruce, J., Eldabe, S., and Cumming, D., Reoperation following lumbar spinal surgery: costs and outcomes in a UK population cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES), Eur Spine J, 2019.
E. L. Axson, Bual, N., Bloom, C. I., and Quint, J. K., Risk factors and secondary care utilisation in a primary care population with non-tuberculous mycobacterial disease in the UK, Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis, vol. 38, pp. 117-124, 2019.
J. Bedson, Chen, Y., Ashworth, J., Hayward, R. A., Dunn, K. M., and Jordan, K. P., Risk of adverse events in patients prescribed long-term opioids: A cohort study in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Eur J Pain, 2019.
M. Blagojevic-Bucknall, Mallen, C., Muller, S., Hayward, R., West, S., Choi, H., and Roddy, E., The Risk of Gout Among Patients With Sleep Apnea: A Matched Cohort Study, Arthritis Rheumatol, vol. 71, pp. 154-160, 2019.
C. Linde, Qin, L., Bakhai, A., Furuland, H., Evans, M., Ayoubkhani, D., Palaka, E., Bennett, H., and McEwan, P., Serum potassium and clinical outcomes in heart failure patients: results of risk calculations in 21 334 patients in the UK, ESC Heart Fail, 2019.
J. A. Hirst, Farmer, A. J., Smith, M. C., and Stevens, R. J., Timings for HbA1c testing in people with diabetes are associated with incentive payments: an analysis of UK primary care data, Diabet Med, vol. 36, pp. 36-43, 2019.
Y. Vinogradova, Coupland, C., and Hippisley-Cox, J., Use of hormone replacement therapy and risk of venous thromboembolism: nested case-control studies using the QResearch and CPRD databases, Bmj, vol. 364, p. k4810, 2019.
T. C. Chen, Chen, L. C., and Knaggs, R. D., A 15-year overview of increasing tramadol utilisation and associated mortality and the impact of tramadol classification in the United Kingdom, Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, vol. 27, pp. 487-494, 2018.
I. Tamimi, Nicolau, B., Eimar, H., S. Madathil, A., Kezouh, A., Karp, I., and Tamimi, F., Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and the risk of osteoporotic fractures: nested case-control study, Osteoporos Int, vol. 29, pp. 849-857, 2018.
T. Khan, Alvand, A., Prieto-Alhambra, D., Culliford, D. J., Judge, A., Jackson, W. F., Scammell, B. E., Arden, N. K., and Price, A. J., ACL and meniscal injuries increase the risk of primary total knee replacement for osteoarthritis: a matched case-control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), Br J Sports Med, 2018.
K. E. Mansfield, Douglas, I. J., Nitsch, D., Thomas, S. L., Smeeth, L., and Tomlinson, L. A., Acute kidney injury and infections in patients taking antihypertensive drugs: a self-controlled case series analysis, Clin Epidemiol, vol. 10, pp. 187-202, 2018.
A. J. Hire, Ashcroft, D. M., Springate, D. A., and Steinke, D. T., ADHD in the United Kingdom: Regional and Socioeconomic Variations in Incidence Rates Amongst Children and Adolescents (2004-2013), J Atten Disord, vol. 22, pp. 134-142, 2018.
B. Hayhoe, Kim, D., Aylin, P. P., Majeed, F. A., Cowie, M. R., and Bottle, A., Adherence to guidelines in management of symptoms suggestive of heart failure in primary care, Heart, 2018.
M. Bloechliger, Reinau, D., Spoendlin, J., Chang, S. C., Kuhlbusch, K., Heaney, L. G., Jick, S. S., and Meier, C. R., Adverse events profile of oral corticosteroids among asthma patients in the UK: cohort study with a nested case-control analysis, Respir Res, vol. 19, p. 75, 2018.
S. Bou-Antoun, Costelloe, C., Honeyford, K., Mazidi, M., Hayhoe, B. W. J., Holmes, A., Johnson, A. P., and Aylin, P., Age-related decline in antibiotic prescribing for uncomplicated respiratory tract infections in primary care in England following the introduction of a national financial incentive (the Quality Premium) for health commissioners to reduce use of antibiotic, J Antimicrob Chemother, vol. 73, pp. 2883-2892, 2018.
B. M. Hicks, Filion, K. B., Yin, H., Sakr, L., Udell, J. A., and Azoulay, L., Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and risk of lung cancer: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 363, p. k4209, 2018.
J. Busby, McMenamin, U., Spence, A., Johnston, B. T., Hughes, C., and Cardwell, C. R., Angiotensin receptor blocker use and gastro-oesophageal cancer survival: a population-based cohort study, Aliment Pharmacol Ther, vol. 47, pp. 279-288, 2018.
K. Richardson, Fox, C., Maidment, I., Steel, N., Loke, Y. K., Arthur, A., Myint, P. K., Grossi, C. M., Mattishent, K., Bennett, K., Campbell, N. L., Boustani, M., Robinson, L., Brayne, C., Matthews, F. E., and Savva, G. M., Anticholinergic drugs and risk of dementia: case-control study, Bmj, vol. 361, p. k1315, 2018.
R. Gafoor, Booth, H. P., and Gulliford, M. C., Antidepressant utilisation and incidence of weight gain during 10 years' follow-up: population based cohort study, Bmj, vol. 361, p. k1951, 2018.
S. W. Turner, Murray, C., Thomas, M., Burden, A., and Price, D. B., Applying UK real-world primary care data to predict asthma attacks in 3776 well-characterised children: a retrospective cohort study, NPJ Prim Care Respir Med, vol. 28, p. 28, 2018.
[Page last updated 15 February 2019]