Bibliography

Research using CPRD data has informed drug safety guidance and clinical practice and resulted in over 3,000 peer-reviewed publications. The CPRD bibliography listed below is updated on a monthly basis (last updated 8 November 2022).

If you have published papers using CPRD data which are not included in this list, please contact us at enquiries@cprd.com so that we can update the bibliography.

Download: CPRD bibliography PDF November 2022 (PDF, 6MB, 277 pages) 

Download: CPRD bibliography .BIB November 2022 (BIB, 1.3MB, 1 page)

This work uses data provided by patients and collected by the NHS as part of their care and support. CPRD encourages researchers to use this citation in all publications using CPRD data. Find out more about acknowledging the use of patient data at the Understanding Patient Data website

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Year Sort ascending Title
2021

Serum lipid trajectories in the years before a lymphoma diagnosis

10.1080/10428194.2021.1992618

Authors: J. Fortuny, E. Plana, J. Kaye

2021

Sex, Age, and Socioeconomic Differences in Nonfatal Stroke Incidence and Subsequent Major Adverse Outcomes

10.1161/strokeaha.120.031659

Authors: R. Akyea, Y. Vinogradova, N. Qureshi, R. Patel, E. Kontopantelis, G. Ntaios, F. Asselbergs, J. Kai, S. Weng

2021

Sex disparity in subsequent outcomes in survivors of coronary heart disease

10.1136/heartjnl-2021-319566

Authors: R. Akyea, E. Kontopantelis, J. Kai, S. Weng, R. Patel, F. Asselbergs, N. Qureshi

2021

SGLT-2 inhibitors and the risk of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia: A population-based cohort study

10.1002/pds.5192

Authors: V. Brunetti, P. Reynier, L. Azoulay, O. H. Y. Yu, P. Ernst, R. Platt, K. Filion

2021

Shorter and longer courses of antibiotics for common infections and the association with reductions of infection-related complications including hospital admissions

10.1093/cid/ciab159

Authors: V. Palin, W. Welfare, D. Ashcroft, T. van Staa

2021

Is the SMART risk prediction model ready for real-world implementation? A validation study in a routine care setting of approximately 380 000 individuals

10.1093/eurjpc/zwab093

Authors: A. McKay, L. Gunn, B. Ference, J. Dorresteijn, G. Berkelmans, F. Visseren, K. Ray

2021

Social and ethnic group differences in healthcare use by children aged 0-14 years: a population-based cohort study in England from 2007 to 2017

10.1136/archdischild-2020-321045

Authors: C. Coughlan, J. Ruzangi, F. Neale, Nezafat Maldonado, M. Blair, A. Bottle, S. Saxena, D. Hargreaves

2021

Social determinants of pertussis and influenza vaccine uptake in pregnancy: a national cohort study in England using electronic health records

10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046545

Authors: J. Walker, C. Rentsch, H. McDonald, J. Bak, C. Minassian, G. Amirthalingam, M. Edelstein, S. Thomas

2021

Statin prescription in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and risk of exacerbations: a retrospective cohort study in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-050757

Authors: M. Smith, H. Ashdown, J. Sheppard, C. Butler, C. Bankhead

2021

Statin treatment and LDL-cholesterol treatment goal attainment among individuals with familial hypercholesterolaemia in primary care

10.1136/openhrt-2021-001817

Authors: B. Iyen, R. Akyea, S. Weng, J. Kai, N. Qureshi

2021

Statins After Ischemic Stroke in the Oldest: A Cohort Study Using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Database

10.1161/strokeaha.120.030755

Authors: G. Lefeber, W. Knol, P. Souverein, M. Bouvy, A. de Boer, H. Koek

2021

A study of cancer occurrence in users of mirabegron and antimuscarinic treatments for overactive bladder

10.1080/03007995.2021.1891035

Authors: K. Phiri, J. Hallas, M. Linder, A. Margulis, B. Suehs, A. Arana, S. Bahmanyar, V. Hoffman, C. Enger, L. Horter, I. Odsbu, M. Olesen, S. Perez-Gutthann, N. Kristiansen, K. Appenteng, S. de Vogel, J. Seeger

2021

Suicide and other causes of death among working-age and older adults in the year after discharge from in-patient mental healthcare in England: matched cohort study

10.1192/bjp.2021.176

Authors: R. Musgrove, M. Carr, N. Kapur, C. Chew-Graham, F. Mughal, D. Ashcroft, R. Webb

2021

Temporal relationship between osteoarthritis and comorbidities: a combined case control and cohort study in the UK primary care setting

10.1093/rheumatology/keab067

Authors: S. Swain, C. Coupland, C. Mallen, C. Kuo, A. Sarmanova, S. Bierma-Zeinstra, M. Englund, D. Prieto-Alhambra, M. Doherty, W. Zhang

2021

Temporal trends in annual incidence rates for psychiatric disorders and self-harm among children and adolescents in the UK, 2003-2018

10.1186/s12888-021-03235-w

Authors: L. Cybulski, D. Ashcroft, M. Carr, S. Garg, C. Chew-Graham, N. Kapur, R. Webb

2021

Thiazolidinediones and Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists and the Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Cohort Study

10.1002/hep.32012

Authors: J. van Dalem, J. Driessen, A. Burden, C. Stehouwer, O. Klungel, F. de Vries, Mcgj Brouwers

2021

Time trends in autism diagnosis over 20 years: a UK population-based cohort study

10.1111/jcpp.13505

Authors: G. Russell, S. Stapley, T. Newlove-Delgado, A. Salmon, R. White, F. Warren, A. Pearson, T. Ford

2021

Tramadol versus Codeine and the Short-term Risk of Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Non-Cancer Pain: A Population-Based Cohort Study

10.1111/bcp.15099

Authors: L. Ou, L. Azoulay, P. Reynier, R. Platt, S. Yoon, R. Grad, K. Filion

2021

Transforming and evaluating electronic health record disease phenotyping algorithms using the OMOP common data model: a case study in heart failure

10.1093/jamiaopen/ooab001

Authors: V. Papez, M. Moinat, S. Payralbe, F. Asselbergs, R. Lumbers, H. Hemingway, R. Dobson, S. Denaxas

2021

Trends in leading causes of hospitalisation of adults with diabetes in England from 2003 to 2018: an epidemiological analysis of linked primary care records

10.1016/s2213-8587(21)00288-6

Authors: J. Pearson-Stuttard, Y. Cheng, J. Bennett, E. Vamos, B. Zhou, J. Valabhji, A. Cross, M. Ezzati, E. Gregg

2021

Trends in new prescription of gabapentinoids and of coprescription with opioids in the 4 nations of the UK, 1993-2017

10.1111/bcp.14727

Authors: A. Rahman, J. Kane, F. Montastruc, C. Renoux

2021

Trends in predominant causes of death in individuals with and without diabetes in England from 2001 to 2018: an epidemiological analysis of linked primary care records

10.1016/s2213-8587(20)30431-9

Authors: J. Pearson-Stuttard, J. Bennett, Y. Cheng, E. Vamos, A. Cross, M. Ezzati, E. Gregg

2021

Trends in prescribing of nicotine replacement therapy to pregnant women in primary care in England

10.1093/ntr/ntab037

Authors: L. Szatkowski, L. Vaz, L. Fiaschi, L. Tata, T. Coleman

2021

Trends in survival of older care home residents in England: A 10-year multi-cohort study

10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.113883

Authors: Espuny Pujol, R. Hancock, M. Morciano

2021

Trends in the recording of anxiety in UK primary care: a multi-method approach

10.1007/s00127-021-02131-8

Authors: C. Archer, K. Turner, D. Kessler, B. Mars, N. Wiles

2021

Triple Inhaler versus Dual Bronchodilator Therapy in COPD: Real-World Effectiveness on Mortality

10.1080/15412555.2021.1977789

Authors: S. Suissa, S. Dell'Aniello, P. Ernst

2021

UK prevalence of underlying conditions which increase the risk of severe COVID-19 disease: a point prevalence study using electronic health records

10.1186/s12889-021-10427-2

Authors: J. Walker, D. Grint, H. Strongman, R. Eggo, M. Peppa, C. Minassian, K. Mansfield, C. Rentsch, I. Douglas, R. Mathur, A. Wong, J. Quint, N. Andrews, J. Bernal, J. Scott, M. Ramsay, L. Smeeth, H. McDonald

2021

Use of levothyroxine among pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism in the United Kingdom: A population-based assessment

10.1002/prp2.848

Authors: Y. Yu, K. Filion, P. Reynier, R. Platt, O. H. Y. Yu, S. Grandi

2021

Use of menopausal hormone therapy and risk of dementia: nested case-control studies using QResearch and CPRD databases

10.1136/bmj.n2182

Authors: Y. Vinogradova, T. Dening, J. Hippisley-Cox, L. Taylor, M. Moore, C. Coupland

2021

The use of mono- and combination drug therapy in men and women with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in the UK: a retrospective observational study

10.1186/s12894-021-00881-w

Authors: M. Ali, M. Landeira, P. Covernton, N. Choudhury, A. Jaggi, F. Fatoye, R. van Maanen

2021

Use of prescribing safety quality improvement reports in UK general practices: a qualitative assessment

10.1186/s12913-021-06417-0

Authors: N. Khan, H. Booth, P. Myles, D. Mullett, A. Gallagher, C. Evans, N. Thomas, J. Valentine

2021

Using Bayesian Networks to identify musculoskeletal symptoms influencing the risk of developing Psoriatic Arthritis in people with psoriasis

10.1093/rheumatology/keab310

Authors: A. Green, W. Tillett, N. McHugh, T. Smith

2021

Using electronic health records to inform trial feasibility in a rare autoimmune blistering skin disease in England

10.1186/s12874-021-01212-1

Authors: M. Persson, K. Harman, K. Thomas, J. Chalmers, Y. Vinogradova, S. Langan, J. Hippisley-Cox, S. Gran

2021

Utilisation and Safety of Polyethylene Glycol 3350 with Electrolytes in Children Under 2 Years: A Retrospective Cohort

10.1097/mpg.0000000000003074

Authors: D. Roy, F. Akriche, B. Amlani, S. Shakir

2021

Utilization and long-term persistence of direct oral anticoagulants among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and liver disease

10.1111/bcp.15046

Authors: A. Douros, Y. Cui, R. Platt, K. Filion, G. Sebastiani, C. Renoux

2021

The Utilization and Safety of Umeclidinium and Umeclidinium/Vilanterol in UK Primary Care: A Retrospective Cohort Study

10.2147/copd.s291931

Authors: G. Requena, D. Dedman, J. Quint, R. Ghosh, R. Williams, J. Pimenta

2021

Validity of an algorithm to identify cardiovascular deaths from administrative health records: a multi-database population-based cohort study

10.1186/s12913-021-06762-0

Authors: L. Lix, S. Sobhan, A. St-Jean, J. Daigle, A. Fisher, O. H. Y. Yu, S. Dell'Aniello, N. Hu, S. Bugden, B. Shah, P. Ronksley, S. Alessi-Severini, A. Douros, P. Ernst, K. Filion

2021

Validity of bariatric surgery codes in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) GOLD compared with Hospital Episodes Statistics

10.1002/pds.5221

Authors: T. Burkard, M. Rauch, S. Jick, C. Meier

2021

Vertebral fracture as a risk factor for self-harm: a retrospective cohort study

10.1186/s12891-021-04631-9

Authors: J. Prior, F. Crawford-Manning, R. Whittle, A. Abdul-Sultan, C. Chew-Graham, S. Muller, T. Shepherd, A. Sumathipala, C. Mallen, Z. Paskins

2021

Weight change, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cardiovascular incidence in people with serious mental illness: protocol of a population-based cohort study in the UK from 1998 to 2020

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-053427

Authors: C. Lee, F. Waite, M. Smith, M. Gao, C. Bankhead, P. Aveyard, C. Piernas

2021

wEight chanGes, caRdio-mEtabolic risks and morTality in patients with hyperthyroidism (EGRET): a protocol for a CPRD-HES linked cohort study

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-055219

Authors: B. Torlinska, J. Hazlehurst, K. Nirantharakumar, G. Thomas, J. Priestley, S. Finnikin, P. Saunders, K. Abrams, K. Boelaert

2021

Weight loss and risk reduction of obesity-related outcomes in 0.5 million people: evidence from a UK primary care database

10.1038/s41366-021-00788-4

Authors: C. Haase, S. Lopes, A. Olsen, A. Satylganova, V. Schnecke, P. McEwan

2021

What is the incidence of methotrexate or leflunomide discontinuation related to cytopenia, liver enzyme elevation or kidney function decline?

10.1093/rheumatology/keab254

Authors: G. Nakafero, M. Grainge, T. Card, C. Mallen, W. Zhang, M. Doherty, M. Taal, G. Aithal, A. Abhishek

2021

Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome have an increased risk of major cardiovascular events: a population study

10.1210/clinem/dgab392

Authors: T. Berni, C. Morgan, D. Rees

2021

Younger people with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk of fracture even before age 50 years: a population-based cohort study

10.1007/s00198-021-05862-1

Authors: J. Erwin, D. Enki, A. Woolf

2021

β-blocker prescription is associated with lower cumulative risk of knee osteoarthritis and knee pain consultations in primary care: a propensity score matched cohort study

10.1093/rheumatology/keab234

Authors: G. Nakafero, M. Grainge, A. Valdes, N. Townsend, C. Mallen, W. Zhang, M. Doherty, M. Mamas, A. Abhishek

2021

Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors and Urinary Tract Infections: A Propensity Score-matched Population-based Cohort Study

10.1016/j.jcjd.2021.12.005

Authors: W. Alkabbani, A. Zongo, J. Minhas-Sandhu, D. Eurich, B. Shah, M. Alsabbagh, J. Gamble

2021

Associations between attainment of incentivized primary care indicators and incident sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in England: A population-based historical cohort study

10.1111/dom.14344

Authors: A. McKay, L. Gunn, M. Nugawela, T. Sathish, A. Majeed, Vamos E, G. Molina, S. Sivaprasad

2021

Healthcare, Medication Utilization and Outcomes of Patients with COPD by GOLD Classification in England

10.2147/copd.s318969

Authors: L. Sansbury, K. Rothnie, C. Bains, C. Compton, G. Anley, A. Ismaila

2021

Effectiveness and safety among direct oral anticoagulants in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: A multi-database cohort study with meta-analysis

10.1111/bcp.14669

Authors: M. Durand, M. Schnitzer, M. Pang, G. Carney, S. Eltonsy, K. Filion, A. Fisher, M. Jun, I. Kuo, A. Matteau, J. Paterson, J. Quail, C. Renoux